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The Sinking Ship The Grand Applause

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:06 AM PDT

Fixed defaultsort

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{{Gotham}}
 
{{Gotham}}
   
{{DEFAULTSORT:Reunion}}
+
{{DEFAULTSORT:Sinking Ship The Grand Applause, The}}
 
[[Category:Gotham episodes]]
 
[[Category:Gotham episodes]]
 
[[Category:2018 American television episodes]]
 
[[Category:2018 American television episodes]]

Lee Chang-min (singer)

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:06 AM PDT

External links

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[[Category:King of Mask Singer contestants]]
 
[[Category:King of Mask Singer contestants]]
 
[[Category:Musicians from Seoul]]
 
[[Category:Musicians from Seoul]]
  +
[[Category:South Korean male idols]]
 
[[Category:South Korean male singers]]
 
[[Category:South Korean male singers]]
 
[[Category:South Korean pop singers]]
 
[[Category:South Korean pop singers]]

Category:21st-century Estonian women

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:06 AM PDT

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{{CatRel|20th-century Estonian women writers}}
+
{{Non-diffusing subcategory|21st-century Estonian people}}
{{non-diffusing subcategory|21st-century Estonian writers|Afghan writers}}
+
{{CatRel|20th-century Estonian women}}
   
[[Category:21st-century Estonian writers|+Women]]
+
[[Category:Estonian women by century| ]]
[[Category:21st-century women writers|Estonian]]
+
[[Category:21st-century women by nationality|Estonian]]
[[Category:Estonian women writers| ]]
+
[[Category:21st-century Estonian people|Women]]
[[Category:21st-century Estonian women|Writ]]
 

Sikh gurus

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:06 AM PDT

← Previous revision Revision as of 07:06, 1 April 2018
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[[File:Sikh gurus.jpg|thumb|Guru Nanak with the Other Nine Gurus, Bhai Puran Singh]]
 
[[File:Sikh gurus.jpg|thumb|Guru Nanak with the Other Nine Gurus, Bhai Puran Singh]]
The '''Sikh gurus''', referred to as ''the strong and powerful'', are credited with establishing [[Sikhism]], which started as a minor religion, but developed into a prominent religion over centuries. ''[[Guru Nanak]]'' was the first of the recognized Sikh gurus. There were ten recognized living gurus in the Nanak line. All 10 Sikh gurus were born into the [[Khatri]] caste and sub castes (such as Bedi, Trehan, Bhalla and Sodhi gotras).<ref>{{cite book|author1=Kamala Elizabeth Nayar|title=The Sikh Diaspora in Vancouver: Three Generations Amid Tradition, Modernity, and Multiculturalism|date=2004|publisher=University of Toronto Press|isbn=9780802086310|page=48|edition=illustrated}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|editor1-last=Marty|editor1-first=Martin E.|editor2-last=Appleby|editor2-first=R. Scott|title=Fundamentalisms Comprehended|date=2004|publisher=University of Chicago Press|isbn=9780226508887|page=453|edition=illustrated, reprint}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|author1=Gabriel A. Almond|author2=R. Scott Appleby|author3=Emmanuel Sivan|title=Strong Religion: The Rise of Fundamentalisms Around the World|date=2003|publisher=University of Chicago Press|isbn=9780226014982|page=157|edition=illustrated}}</ref> Modern Sikhism believes the [[Adi Granth]] or [[Granth Sahib]], the writings of the gurus, to now be the guru. This belief has been integrated alongside the writings of Sikh gurus, and is now called ''[[Guru Granth Sahib]]''. Modern Sikhism says that the Tenth Guru, ''[[Guru Gobind Singh]]'' bestowed the guruship forever to the Guru Granth Sahib.
+
The '''Sikh gurus''', referred to as ''the strong and powerful'', are credited with establishing [[Sikhism]], which started as a minor religion, but developed into a prominent religion over centuries. ''[[Guru Nanak]]'' was the first of the recognized Sikh gurus. There were ten recognized living gurus in the Nanak line. All 10 Sikh gurus were born into the [[Jat]] caste and sub castes (such as Bedi, Trehan, Bhalla and Sodhi gotras).<ref>{{cite book|author1=Kamala Elizabeth Nayar|title=The Sikh Diaspora in Vancouver: Three Generations Amid Tradition, Modernity, and Multiculturalism|date=2004|publisher=University of Toronto Press|isbn=9780802086310|page=48|edition=illustrated}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|editor1-last=Marty|editor1-first=Martin E.|editor2-last=Appleby|editor2-first=R. Scott|title=Fundamentalisms Comprehended|date=2004|publisher=University of Chicago Press|isbn=9780226508887|page=453|edition=illustrated, reprint}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|author1=Gabriel A. Almond|author2=R. Scott Appleby|author3=Emmanuel Sivan|title=Strong Religion: The Rise of Fundamentalisms Around the World|date=2003|publisher=University of Chicago Press|isbn=9780226014982|page=157|edition=illustrated}}</ref> Modern Sikhism believes the [[Adi Granth]] or [[Granth Sahib]], the writings of the gurus, to now be the guru. This belief has been integrated alongside the writings of Sikh gurus, and is now called ''[[Guru Granth Sahib]]''. Modern Sikhism says that the Tenth Guru, ''[[Guru Gobind Singh]]'' bestowed the guruship forever to the Guru Granth Sahib.
   
 
Of all 10 Sikh gurus, last 6 gurus were persecuted,<ref name=IslamistPersecution1>V. D. Mahajan (1970). Muslim Rule In India. S. Chand, New Delhi, p.223.</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution3>{{cite book|title=Later Mughals|first=William|last=Irvine|publisher=Harvard Press|isbn= 9781290917766|year=2012}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution4>{{cite book |author1=Pashaura Singh |author2=Louis Fenech | title=The Oxford handbook of Sikh studies | publisher=Oxford University Press | location=Oxford, UK | year=2014 | isbn=978-0-19-969930-8 | pages=236–238}}</ref><ref>{{cite book | last=Gandhi | first=Surjit | title=History of Sikh gurus retold | publisher=Atlantic Publishers | year=2007 | isbn=978-81-269-0858-5 | pages=653–691}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution5>{{cite book | last=Singh | first=Prithi | title=The history of Sikh gurus | publisher=Lotus Press | year=2006 | isbn=978-81-8382-075-2 | page=124}}</ref> 2 gurus were tortured and executed ([[Guru Arjan]] and [[Guru Tegh Bahadur]]),<ref name="Singh2003">{{cite book|last=Singh|first=Prof. Kartar|title=Life Story Of Guru Nanak|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=nhKMUnfLZLEC&pg=PA88|accessdate=26 November 2010|date=2003-01-01|publisher=Hemkunt Press|isbn=978-81-7010-162-8|page=90}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution2>{{cite book | last=Siṅgha | first=Kirapāla | title=Select documents on Partition of Punjab-1947 | publisher=National Book | year=2006 | isbn=978-81-7116-445-5 | page=234}}</ref> and close kins of several gurus brutally killed (such as 6 and 9 years old sons of [[Guru Gobind Singh]]),<ref name=pri/><ref name=IslamistPersecution6>{{cite web|url=http://www.sikhpoint.com/religion/sikhcommunity/bandasinghbahadur.htm/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=8|title=Life of Banda Singh|first=Ernest|last=Abel}}{{dead link|date=March 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}</ref> along with numerous other main revered figures of Sikhism were tortured and killed (such as [[Banda Bahadur]], [[Bhai Mati Das]], [[Bhai Sati Das]] and [[Bhai Dayala]]),<ref name=IslamistPersecution5/><ref name=pri>{{cite book | last = Singh | first = Prithi Pal | title = The history of Sikh Gurus | publisher = Lotus Press | location = | pages = 158 | isbn = 81-8382-075-1}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution6/> by Mughal rulers for refusing to convert to Islam,<ref name=IslamistPersecution8>Pashaura Singh (2005), Understanding the Martyrdom of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Journal of Punjab Studies, 12(1), pages 29-62</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution1/><ref name=IslamistPersecution6/><ref name=pri/> and for opposing the persecution of [[Sikhs]] and [[Hindus]].<ref name=IslamistPersecution9>{{cite journal | last =McLeod | first =Hew | title =Sikhs and Muslims in the Punjab | journal =South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies | volume =22 | issue =s1 | pages =155–165 | year =1987 | doi =10.1080/00856408708723379 }}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution2/><ref name=IslamistPersecution3/><ref name=IslamistPersecution5/>
 
Of all 10 Sikh gurus, last 6 gurus were persecuted,<ref name=IslamistPersecution1>V. D. Mahajan (1970). Muslim Rule In India. S. Chand, New Delhi, p.223.</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution3>{{cite book|title=Later Mughals|first=William|last=Irvine|publisher=Harvard Press|isbn= 9781290917766|year=2012}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution4>{{cite book |author1=Pashaura Singh |author2=Louis Fenech | title=The Oxford handbook of Sikh studies | publisher=Oxford University Press | location=Oxford, UK | year=2014 | isbn=978-0-19-969930-8 | pages=236–238}}</ref><ref>{{cite book | last=Gandhi | first=Surjit | title=History of Sikh gurus retold | publisher=Atlantic Publishers | year=2007 | isbn=978-81-269-0858-5 | pages=653–691}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution5>{{cite book | last=Singh | first=Prithi | title=The history of Sikh gurus | publisher=Lotus Press | year=2006 | isbn=978-81-8382-075-2 | page=124}}</ref> 2 gurus were tortured and executed ([[Guru Arjan]] and [[Guru Tegh Bahadur]]),<ref name="Singh2003">{{cite book|last=Singh|first=Prof. Kartar|title=Life Story Of Guru Nanak|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=nhKMUnfLZLEC&pg=PA88|accessdate=26 November 2010|date=2003-01-01|publisher=Hemkunt Press|isbn=978-81-7010-162-8|page=90}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution2>{{cite book | last=Siṅgha | first=Kirapāla | title=Select documents on Partition of Punjab-1947 | publisher=National Book | year=2006 | isbn=978-81-7116-445-5 | page=234}}</ref> and close kins of several gurus brutally killed (such as 6 and 9 years old sons of [[Guru Gobind Singh]]),<ref name=pri/><ref name=IslamistPersecution6>{{cite web|url=http://www.sikhpoint.com/religion/sikhcommunity/bandasinghbahadur.htm/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=8|title=Life of Banda Singh|first=Ernest|last=Abel}}{{dead link|date=March 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}</ref> along with numerous other main revered figures of Sikhism were tortured and killed (such as [[Banda Bahadur]], [[Bhai Mati Das]], [[Bhai Sati Das]] and [[Bhai Dayala]]),<ref name=IslamistPersecution5/><ref name=pri>{{cite book | last = Singh | first = Prithi Pal | title = The history of Sikh Gurus | publisher = Lotus Press | location = | pages = 158 | isbn = 81-8382-075-1}}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution6/> by Mughal rulers for refusing to convert to Islam,<ref name=IslamistPersecution8>Pashaura Singh (2005), Understanding the Martyrdom of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Journal of Punjab Studies, 12(1), pages 29-62</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution1/><ref name=IslamistPersecution6/><ref name=pri/> and for opposing the persecution of [[Sikhs]] and [[Hindus]].<ref name=IslamistPersecution9>{{cite journal | last =McLeod | first =Hew | title =Sikhs and Muslims in the Punjab | journal =South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies | volume =22 | issue =s1 | pages =155–165 | year =1987 | doi =10.1080/00856408708723379 }}</ref><ref name=IslamistPersecution2/><ref name=IslamistPersecution3/><ref name=IslamistPersecution5/>

Asian Tennis Federation

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:06 AM PDT

Challenges

← Previous revision Revision as of 07:06, 1 April 2018
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Asia is by far the most populous continent but tennis still remains a sport under development. Besides a couple of Asian nations like India, China and Japan who have produced some world class players, tennis does not have a very long and fruitful history. The only Asian to ever win a single tennis grand slam is Chinese women Li Na, who won both the woman's French Open 2011 and Australian Open 2014, with over 100 million people watching in China. After Li Na had won the two grandslam tournaments, everyone start to know tennis in China. Especially in a country like China interest in the tennis sport is very much at the lead level compared to other Asian countries. If you weren't a lead level player, maybe you are wasting your time, taking away from study or education. But we've really seen in the last couple of years that mindset changing, in China in particular, Ben Slack, Tennis Australia's head of international business. She grew up playing badminton and only switched over to tennis because a coach saw her potential for the sport. But the backward Chinese tennis coaching she received in her early days actually turned her against the game and she eventually quit for two years only to come back when China tennis authorities allowed her to take the reins and hire a coach to her liking without regards of the costs.
 
Asia is by far the most populous continent but tennis still remains a sport under development. Besides a couple of Asian nations like India, China and Japan who have produced some world class players, tennis does not have a very long and fruitful history. The only Asian to ever win a single tennis grand slam is Chinese women Li Na, who won both the woman's French Open 2011 and Australian Open 2014, with over 100 million people watching in China. After Li Na had won the two grandslam tournaments, everyone start to know tennis in China. Especially in a country like China interest in the tennis sport is very much at the lead level compared to other Asian countries. If you weren't a lead level player, maybe you are wasting your time, taking away from study or education. But we've really seen in the last couple of years that mindset changing, in China in particular, Ben Slack, Tennis Australia's head of international business. She grew up playing badminton and only switched over to tennis because a coach saw her potential for the sport. But the backward Chinese tennis coaching she received in her early days actually turned her against the game and she eventually quit for two years only to come back when China tennis authorities allowed her to take the reins and hire a coach to her liking without regards of the costs.
   
Tennis is expensive and most Asian countries are still a developing economy. Which means the standard of living is comparitively less and people would rather spend the money on basic necessities than on a tennis racquet.
 
  +
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA) announced in 2017 that it has signed a 10-year deal to move its WTA Finals tournament to Shenzhen, a dynamic city in China south, starting from next year. The deal will also see the total prize money on offer double to a whopping US$14 million ($17.5 million).
   
There are currently 289 futures and challengers in a year in Europe, while Asia in comparison only has 61 of these tournaments. Even South America has 81, where there are only ten states and where players from the other continents rarely go due to remoteness.<ref name="tennisuz">{{cite web | url=http://www.tennis.uz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=260:among-tennis-leaders-of-the-continent&catid=1:latest-news&lang=en | title=Among tennis leaders of the continent | accessdate=2011-02-06 | publisher=UTF}}</ref>
+
Tennis is expensive and most Asian countries are still a developing economy. Which means the standard of living is comparitively less and people would rather spend the money on basic necessities than on a tennis racquet. There are currently 289 futures and challengers in a year in Europe, while Asia in comparison only has 61 of these tournaments. Even South America has 81, where there are only ten states and where players from the other continents rarely go due to remoteness.<ref name="tennisuz">{{cite web | url=http://www.tennis.uz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=260:among-tennis-leaders-of-the-continent&catid=1:latest-news&lang=en | title=Among tennis leaders of the continent | accessdate=2011-02-06 | publisher=UTF}}</ref>
   
 
==Sponsors of ATF==
 
==Sponsors of ATF==

User talk:68.102.39.189

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:06 AM PDT

Notification: speedy deletion nomination of Draft:2018 in radio. (TW)

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I hope this article is ready to move into main Space. [[Special:Contributions/68.102.39.189|68.102.39.189]] ([[User talk:68.102.39.189#top|talk]]) 18:58, 29 March 2018 (UTC)
 
I hope this article is ready to move into main Space. [[Special:Contributions/68.102.39.189|68.102.39.189]] ([[User talk:68.102.39.189#top|talk]]) 18:58, 29 March 2018 (UTC)
  +
==[[Wikipedia:Criteria for speedy deletion|Speedy deletion]] nomination of [[:Draft:2018 in radio]]==
  +
[[File:Information icon4.svg|48px|left|alt=|link=]]
  +
{{Quote box|quote=<p>If this is the first article that you have created, you may want to read [[WP:Your first article|the guide to writing your first article]].</p><p>You may want to consider using the [[Wikipedia:Article wizard|Article Wizard]] to help you create articles.</p>|width=20%|align=right}}
  +
Hello, and welcome to Wikipedia. This is a notice that the page you created, [[:Draft:2018 in radio]], was tagged as a test page under [[WP:CSD#G2|section G2 of the criteria for speedy deletion]] and has been or soon may be deleted. Please use the [[Wikipedia:Sandbox|sandbox]] for any other tests you want to do. Take a look at the [[Wikipedia:Welcome, newcomers|welcome page]] if you would like to learn more about contributing to our encyclopedia.
  +
  +
If you think this page should not be deleted for this reason, you may '''contest the nomination''' by [[:Draft:2018 in radio|visiting the page]] and clicking the button labelled "Contest this speedy deletion". This will give you the opportunity to explain why you believe the page should not be deleted. However, be aware that once a page is tagged for speedy deletion, it may be deleted without delay. Please do not remove the speedy deletion tag from the page yourself, but do not hesitate to add information in line with [[Wikipedia:List of policies|Wikipedia's policies and guidelines]]. If the page is deleted, and you wish to retrieve the deleted material for future reference or improvement, then please contact the {{Querylink|Special:Log|qs=type=delete&page=Draft%3A2018+in+radio|deleting administrator}}, or if you have already done so, you can place a request [[WP:RFUD|here]]. <!-- Template:Db-test-notice --><!-- Template:Db-csd-notice-custom --> [[User:Legacypac|Legacypac]] ([[User talk:Legacypac|talk]]) 07:06, 1 April 2018 (UTC)

Draft:2018 in radio

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Requesting speedy deletion (CSD G2). (TW)

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  +
{{db-test|help=off}}
 
{{AFC submission|d|blank|u=68.102.39.189|ns=118|decliner=I dream of horses|declinets=20171208055317|ts=20171206212149}} <!-- Do not remove this line! -->
 
{{AFC submission|d|blank|u=68.102.39.189|ns=118|decliner=I dream of horses|declinets=20171208055317|ts=20171206212149}} <!-- Do not remove this line! -->
   

User:Monolithica/sandbox

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Signature edit

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== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references />[http://dispenser.info.tm/~dispenser/view/Main_Page Dispenser]
 
<references />[http://dispenser.info.tm/~dispenser/view/Main_Page Dispenser]
  +
  +
<span style="border:1px solid #000">'''[[User:Monolithica|<font style="color:#FFF;background:hsl(205,98%, 55%);">&nbsp;Monolithica&nbsp;</font>]][[User talk:Monolithica|<span style="color:hsl(205,98%, 55%);background:#000;">&nbsp;Talk&nbsp;</span>]]'''</span>

Brütal Legend

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Soundtrack

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| "Crack the Skye (Instrumental)" || [[Mastodon (band)|Mastodon]]
 
| "Crack the Skye (Instrumental)" || [[Mastodon (band)|Mastodon]]
 
|-
 
|-
| "[[Cremation]]" || [[King Diamond]]
+
| "Cremation" || [[King Diamond]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| "Cry of the Banshee" || [[Brocas Helm (band)|Brocas Helm]]
 
| "Cry of the Banshee" || [[Brocas Helm (band)|Brocas Helm]]

Rowland Heights, California

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

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The [[Los Angeles County Department of Health Services]] operates the Pomona Health Center in [[Pomona, California|Pomona]], serving Rowland Heights.<ref>"[http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/phn/docs/HealthCenter/pomona.pdf Pomona Health Center]." [[Los Angeles County Department of Health Services]]. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.</ref>
 
The [[Los Angeles County Department of Health Services]] operates the Pomona Health Center in [[Pomona, California|Pomona]], serving Rowland Heights.<ref>"[http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/phn/docs/HealthCenter/pomona.pdf Pomona Health Center]." [[Los Angeles County Department of Health Services]]. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.</ref>
   
In the [[California State Senate]], Rowland Heights is located in [[California's 29th State Senate district]], which is represented by Republican [[Bob Huff]]. In the [[California State Assembly]], it is located in [[California's 55th State Assembly district]], which is represented by Republican [[Ling-Ling Chang]]. In the [[U.S. House of Representatives]], it is located in [[California's 39th congressional district]], which is represented by Republican [[Ed Royce]].
+
The high number of Asian business owners, as well as conservative-leaning individuals in Rowland Heights, makes it an area with relatively strong Republican support. In the [[California State Senate]], Rowland Heights is located in [[California's 29th State Senate district]], which is represented by Republican [[Bob Huff]]. In the [[California State Assembly]], it is located in [[California's 55th State Assembly district]], which is represented by Republican [[Ling-Ling Chang]]. In the [[U.S. House of Representatives]], it is located in [[California's 39th congressional district]], which is represented by Republican [[Ed Royce]].
   
 
The community is also part of District 4 of the [[Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors]], represented by Supervisor [[Don Knabe]].
 
The community is also part of District 4 of the [[Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors]], represented by Supervisor [[Don Knabe]].

Draft talk:Hemp paper

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Translated page

New page

{{Translated page|de|Hanfpapier}}

Lead(II) sulfate

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

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| IUPACName = lead(II) sulfate
 
| IUPACName = lead(II) sulfate
 
| SystematicName =
 
| SystematicName =
| OtherNames = [[Anglesite]], fast white, milk white
+
| OtherNames = [[Anglesite]], fast white, milk white, plumbous sulfate
 
|Section1={{Chembox Identifiers
 
|Section1={{Chembox Identifiers
 
| InChI = 1S/H2O4S.Pb.4H/c1-5(2,3)4;;;;;/h(H2,1,2,3,4);;;;;/q;+2;;;;/p-2
 
| InChI = 1S/H2O4S.Pb.4H/c1-5(2,3)4;;;;;/h(H2,1,2,3,4);;;;;/q;+2;;;;/p-2

User:TriNitrobrick

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

My Userboxes

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==My Userboxes==
 
==My Userboxes==
 
{{user Wikipediholic|192|82331167}}
 
{{user Wikipediholic|192|82331167}}
{{User Custom edit count (Wikipedia)|358}}
+
{{User Custom edit count (Wikipedia)|360}}
 
{{User:Malpass93/Userboxes/No TV}}
 
{{User:Malpass93/Userboxes/No TV}}
 
{{User WPTC}}
 
{{User WPTC}}

Argentine Military Cemetery

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

State of interments: rmv.

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[[File:Malvimasmemorial.jpg|thumb|right|'Monumento a los Caídos en Malvinas' (Monument for the fallen on the Falkland Islands) in [[Plaza San Martín (Buenos Aires)|Plaza San Martín]], Buenos Aires.<ref>Buenos Aires War Memorial is at coordinates {{Coord|-34.59373|-58.374782|type:landmark|name=Buenos Aires War Memorial}}</ref>]]
 
[[File:Malvimasmemorial.jpg|thumb|right|'Monumento a los Caídos en Malvinas' (Monument for the fallen on the Falkland Islands) in [[Plaza San Martín (Buenos Aires)|Plaza San Martín]], Buenos Aires.<ref>Buenos Aires War Memorial is at coordinates {{Coord|-34.59373|-58.374782|type:landmark|name=Buenos Aires War Memorial}}</ref>]]
   
In total 649 Argentines were killed during the 74 days of the conflict.<ref>[http://gvgva.ar.tripod.com/gvgva/leyes/ley-n-24950_98.html Full list of Argentine Casualties], accessed November 2009</ref>.
+
In total 649 Argentines were killed during the 74 days of the conflict.<ref>[http://gvgva.ar.tripod.com/gvgva/leyes/ley-n-24950_98.html Full list of Argentine Casualties], accessed November 2009</ref>
 
* [[Argentine Army|Ejército Argentino]] (Army) – 194 (16 officers, 35 NCOs and 143 [[conscript]] privates)
 
* [[Argentine Army|Ejército Argentino]] (Army) – 194 (16 officers, 35 NCOs and 143 [[conscript]] privates)
 
* [[Argentine Navy|Armada de la República Argentina]] (Navy) – 341 (including 321<!--total of 323 is with 2 civilians--> in [[ARA General Belgrano|''Belgrano'']] and 4 naval aviators)
 
* [[Argentine Navy|Armada de la República Argentina]] (Navy) – 341 (including 321<!--total of 323 is with 2 civilians--> in [[ARA General Belgrano|''Belgrano'']] and 4 naval aviators)

Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Decline in U.S population

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

That's not strictly true, as that article isn't up to date

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::I left a note on the instructor's talk page informing them. <sub style="border:2.5px solid #16872C;padding:1.3px;">[[User:Vermont|<span style="color:#000000;background:#ffffff;">Vermont</span>]] &#124;[[User talk:Vermont|<span style="color:#000000;background:#ffffff;"> reply here</span>]]</sub> 00:35, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
::I left a note on the instructor's talk page informing them. <sub style="border:2.5px solid #16872C;padding:1.3px;">[[User:Vermont|<span style="color:#000000;background:#ffffff;">Vermont</span>]] &#124;[[User talk:Vermont|<span style="color:#000000;background:#ffffff;"> reply here</span>]]</sub> 00:35, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
*'''Delete''' per [[WP:NOTESSAY]].[[User:WilliamJE|...William]], is the complaint department really on [[User talk:WilliamJE|the roof?]] 10:16, 31 March 2018 (UTC)
 
*'''Delete''' per [[WP:NOTESSAY]].[[User:WilliamJE|...William]], is the complaint department really on [[User talk:WilliamJE|the roof?]] 10:16, 31 March 2018 (UTC)
*'''Speedy delete''' per [[WP:CSD#A10]], a rambling essay that adds nothing to [[:Demography of the United States]], with a title that contradicts the well-referenced data in the latter article. [[User:The Mighty Glen|The Mighty Glen]] ([[User talk:The Mighty Glen|talk]]) 07:00, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
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*'''Speedy delete''' per [[WP:CSD#A10]], a rambling essay that adds nothing to [[:Demography of the United States]]. [[User:The Mighty Glen|The Mighty Glen]] ([[User talk:The Mighty Glen|talk]]) 07:00, 1 April 2018 (UTC)

John Fraser (surgeon)

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

reference fix + add secondary source

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He chaired the Advisory Committee on Blood Transfusion which set up blood banks in Scotland in 1939.<ref name=":1">{{Cite book|url=https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33820105|title=Portraits, paintings & busts in the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh|last=Edinburgh.|first=Royal College of Surgeons of|date=1995|publisher=The College|others=Masson, Alastair H. B. (Alastair Hugh Bailey)|year=|isbn=0950362042|location=Edinburgh|pages=70-72|oclc=33820105}}</ref>
 
He chaired the Advisory Committee on Blood Transfusion which set up blood banks in Scotland in 1939.<ref name=":1">{{Cite book|url=https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33820105|title=Portraits, paintings & busts in the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh|last=Edinburgh.|first=Royal College of Surgeons of|date=1995|publisher=The College|others=Masson, Alastair H. B. (Alastair Hugh Bailey)|year=|isbn=0950362042|location=Edinburgh|pages=70-72|oclc=33820105}}</ref>
   
At a time when surgery on the heart was unthinkable, Fraser kept his interest in its possibility. On 19 October 1940 he became the first surgeon in the British Isles to successfully ligate an uninfected patent ductus arteriosus,<ref name=":0" /><ref>{{cite book|last1=Catford|first1=E.F.|title=The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh|date=1984|publisher=Scottish Academic Press|location=Edinburgh|page=97|accessdate=28 December 2014}}</ref> two weeks after Oswald Tubbs had successfully ligated an infected ductus in London.<ref>Tubbs, O. S. (1944), "The effect of ligation on infection of the patent ductus arteriosus". ''British Journal of Surgery'', 32: 1–12. doi:10.1002/bjs.18003212502</ref> [[Robert E. Gross (surgeon)|Robert Gross]] had performed the first in Boston in 1938. <ref>{{Cite journal|last=Gross|first=Robert|last2=Hubbard|first2=John|date=1939|title=SURGICAL LIGATION OF A PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS|url=http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jama.1939.02800080049011|journal=Journal of the American Medical Association|language=en|volume=112|issue=8|pages=|doi=10.1001/jama.1939.02800080049011|issn=0002-9955|via=}}</ref>Before retiring from surgery Fraser operated on 12 such cases.<ref name="Graham" /> In addition, he had performed left cervical [[sympathectomy]] for [[angina]]. His experience with O'Shaughnessy's cardio-omentopexy surgery was less successful.<ref name=":0" />
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At a time when surgery on the heart was unthinkable, Fraser kept his interest in its possibility. On 19 October 1940 he became the first surgeon in the British Isles to successfully ligate an uninfected patent ductus arteriosus,<ref name=":0" /><ref>{{cite book|last1=Catford|first1=E.F.|title=The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh|date=1984|publisher=Scottish Academic Press|location=Edinburgh|page=97|accessdate=28 December 2014}}</ref> two weeks after Oswald Tubbs had successfully ligated an infected ductus in London.<ref>Tubbs, O. S. (1944), "The effect of ligation on infection of the patent ductus arteriosus". ''British Journal of Surgery'', 32: 1–12. doi:10.1002/bjs.18003212502</ref> [[Robert E. Gross (surgeon)|Robert Gross]] had performed the first in Boston in 1938.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Gross|first=Robert|last2=Hubbard|first2=John|date=1939|title=Surgical Ligation of a Patent Ductus Arteriosus|url=http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jama.1939.02800080049011|journal=Journal of the American Medical Association|language=en|volume=112|issue=8|pages=|doi=10.1001/jama.1939.02800080049011|issn=0002-9955|via=}}</ref><ref name="Fye2015">{{cite book|last=Fye|first=W. Bruce|title=Caring for the Heart: Mayo Clinic and the Rise of Specialization|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=w6SeBgAAQBAJ&pg=PT230|year=2015|publisher=Oxford University Press|isbn=978-0-19-998237-0|page=230}}</ref> Before retiring from surgery Fraser operated on 12 such cases.<ref name="Graham" /> In addition, he had performed left cervical [[sympathectomy]] for [[angina]]. His experience with O'Shaughnessy's cardio-omentopexy surgery was less successful.<ref name=":0" />
   
 
Fraser's surgical career encompassed paediatric, abdominal, cardiothoracic and breast surgery and he wrote extensively on all of these.<ref name = Graham/>
 
Fraser's surgical career encompassed paediatric, abdominal, cardiothoracic and breast surgery and he wrote extensively on all of these.<ref name = Graham/>

2017–18 Notre Dame Fighting Irish women's basketball team

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Details moved down.

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The '''2017–18 Notre Dame Fighting Irish women's basketball team''' represent the [[University of Notre Dame]] during the [[2017–18 NCAA Division I women's basketball season]]. The Fighting Irish, led by thirty-first year head coach [[Muffet McGraw]], play their home games at [[Edmund P. Joyce Center]] and are fifth year members of the [[Atlantic Coast Conference]]. McGraw was inducted into the [[Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame|Basketball Hall of Fame]] at the start of the season.
 
The '''2017–18 Notre Dame Fighting Irish women's basketball team''' represent the [[University of Notre Dame]] during the [[2017–18 NCAA Division I women's basketball season]]. The Fighting Irish, led by thirty-first year head coach [[Muffet McGraw]], play their home games at [[Edmund P. Joyce Center]] and are fifth year members of the [[Atlantic Coast Conference]]. McGraw was inducted into the [[Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame|Basketball Hall of Fame]] at the start of the season.
   
By upsetting [[2017-18 Connecticut Huskies women's basketball team|Connecticut]] 91-89 in overtime in the Final Four, the Fighting Irish will play [[2017-18 Mississippi State Bulldogs women's basketball team|Mississippi State]] for the national title. [[Arike Ogunbowale]]'s jump shot with 1 second left was the difference.
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By upsetting [[2017-18 Connecticut Huskies women's basketball team|Connecticut]] 91-89 in overtime in the Final Four, the Fighting Irish will play [[2017-18 Mississippi State Bulldogs women's basketball team|Mississippi State]] for the national title.
   
 
==Offseason==
 
==Offseason==

Scott Aukerman

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Career: Specified

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''[[Mr. Show with Bob and David|Mr. Show]]'' co-creator [[Bob Odenkirk]] was in the audience for the second performance, and soon tapped the duo to write for and occasionally perform on the show in its fourth season. This led to an [[Emmy]] nomination in 1999 for Aukerman and the rest of the staff. Aukerman appeared sporadically on the show, most notably as the model Theo Brixton in the Taint Magazine sketch.
 
''[[Mr. Show with Bob and David|Mr. Show]]'' co-creator [[Bob Odenkirk]] was in the audience for the second performance, and soon tapped the duo to write for and occasionally perform on the show in its fourth season. This led to an [[Emmy]] nomination in 1999 for Aukerman and the rest of the staff. Aukerman appeared sporadically on the show, most notably as the model Theo Brixton in the Taint Magazine sketch.
   
After the show's cancellation, Aukerman and Porter segued into writing film and television scripts, most notably ''[[Run Ronnie Run!]]'' and the first draft of the [[Tenacious D]] [[Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny|film]]. In 2004, he and Porter received an "Additional Dialogue" credit on the animated feature film ''[[Shark Tale]]''. They went on to write an unproduced script for the sequel, as well as an unproduced ''[[Shrek]]'' spin-off film based on the character [[Puss in Boots]]. In 2007, a feature film script he wrote with Porter and Odenkirk, titled ''Kanan Rhodes: Unkillable Servant of Justice'', was purchased by [[MTV Films]] with the intent of starring [[Rainn Wilson]], although it currently remains unproduced.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.empireonline.com/movies/news/rainn-wilson-kanan-rhodes/ |title=Rainn Wilson IS Kanan Rhodes |date=January 5, 2007 |accessdate=January 5, 2007|work=Empire }}</ref> Also in 2007, Aukerman released a self-described "joke record", ''Scott Aukerman's Koo Koo Roo's Greatest Hits'', which featured Aukerman and ''Sarah Silverman Program'' writer Jon Schroeder shouting over current soft-rock hits. This was put out in limited release on AST Records.
+
After the show's cancellation, Aukerman and Porter segued into writing film and television scripts, most notably ''[[Run Ronnie Run!]]'' and the first draft of the [[Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny|film]]. In 2004, he and Porter received an "Additional Dialogue" credit on the animated feature film ''[[Shark Tale]]''. They went on to write an unproduced script for the sequel, as well as an unproduced ''[[Shrek]]'' spin-off film based on the character [[Puss in Boots]]. In 2007, a feature film script he wrote with Porter and Odenkirk, titled ''Kanan Rhodes: Unkillable Servant of Justice'', was purchased by [[MTV Films]] with the intent of starring [[Rainn Wilson]], although it currently remains unproduced.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.empireonline.com/movies/news/rainn-wilson-kanan-rhodes/ |title=Rainn Wilson IS Kanan Rhodes |date=January 5, 2007 |accessdate=January 5, 2007|work=Empire }}</ref> Also in 2007, Aukerman released a self-described "joke record", ''Scott Aukerman's Koo Koo Roo's Greatest Hits'', which featured Aukerman and ''Sarah Silverman Program'' writer Jon Schroeder shouting over current soft-rock hits. This was put out in limited release on AST Records.
   
 
In 2009, Aukerman and Porter wrote a pilot script for NBC, titled ''Privates''. The network ultimately passed on the show.<ref>{{cite news |url=https://variety.com/2009/scene/markets-festivals/writers-pact-with-universal-tv-1118001444/|title=Writers pact with Universal TV |accessdate=March 19, 2009 |work= Variety | first=Michael | last=Schneider | date=March 19, 2009}}</ref> That year, Aukerman took on the role as head writer for the [[2009 MTV Movie Awards]] and executive produced and co-wrote a pilot for [[Comedy Central]], ''The New Andy Dick Show''. The network ultimately passed on ordering it to series.
 
In 2009, Aukerman and Porter wrote a pilot script for NBC, titled ''Privates''. The network ultimately passed on the show.<ref>{{cite news |url=https://variety.com/2009/scene/markets-festivals/writers-pact-with-universal-tv-1118001444/|title=Writers pact with Universal TV |accessdate=March 19, 2009 |work= Variety | first=Michael | last=Schneider | date=March 19, 2009}}</ref> That year, Aukerman took on the role as head writer for the [[2009 MTV Movie Awards]] and executive produced and co-wrote a pilot for [[Comedy Central]], ''The New Andy Dick Show''. The network ultimately passed on ordering it to series.

Poulsbo Bread

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

ce

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According to Sluys' Bakery, the bread was licensed to [[Franz Family Bakeries]] in the early 1980s for national and international distribution, with the license terms requiring Ezekiel 4:9 be imprinted on all packaging.<ref name="bak"/> In 2011, Franz discontinued mass production of Poulsbo Bread due to lagging sales, however, as of 2018 the bread continues to be hand-mixed at Sluys' Bakery for local sale.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Seymour|first1=Rachel Anne|title=Franz drops its Poulsbo Bread|url=http://archive.kitsapsun.com/news/local/franz-drops-its-poulsbo-bread-ep-713682979-355187261.html/|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Kitsap Sun]]|date=October 27, 2014}}</ref> Sluys' Bakery produces Poulsbo Bread in three varieties: regular, dark, and raisin.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Spargo|first1=Sandra|title=FLOUR POWER: Father and son in Poulsbo are baking a: Family Tradition|url=https://web.kitsapsun.com/archive/1999/02-15/0056_flour_power__father_and_son_in_po.html|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Kitsap Sun]]|date=February 15, 1999}}</ref>
 
According to Sluys' Bakery, the bread was licensed to [[Franz Family Bakeries]] in the early 1980s for national and international distribution, with the license terms requiring Ezekiel 4:9 be imprinted on all packaging.<ref name="bak"/> In 2011, Franz discontinued mass production of Poulsbo Bread due to lagging sales, however, as of 2018 the bread continues to be hand-mixed at Sluys' Bakery for local sale.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Seymour|first1=Rachel Anne|title=Franz drops its Poulsbo Bread|url=http://archive.kitsapsun.com/news/local/franz-drops-its-poulsbo-bread-ep-713682979-355187261.html/|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Kitsap Sun]]|date=October 27, 2014}}</ref> Sluys' Bakery produces Poulsbo Bread in three varieties: regular, dark, and raisin.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Spargo|first1=Sandra|title=FLOUR POWER: Father and son in Poulsbo are baking a: Family Tradition|url=https://web.kitsapsun.com/archive/1999/02-15/0056_flour_power__father_and_son_in_po.html|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Kitsap Sun]]|date=February 15, 1999}}</ref>
   
The bread has been variously described as "famous" and "world famous".<ref>{{cite news|last1=Gardner|first1=James Ross|title=52 Weekends|url=https://www.seattlemet.com/articles/2009/1/9/52-weekends|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Seattle Metropolitan]]|date=January 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last1=Blake|first1=Judith|title=Poulsbo Palate Pleasers -- Gustatory Pleasures Await Visitors To The Picturesque Waterfront Town On The Kitsap Peninsula|url=http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19920708&slug=1501097|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Seattle Times]]|date=July 8, 1992}}</ref><Ref>{{Cite episode |title=Sluys Poulsbo Bakery |episode-link= |url= |access-date= |series=A Few Great Bakeries |series-link= |first= |last= |network=[[PBS]] |station= |date=August 11, 2015 |season= |series-no= |number= |minutes= |time= |transcript= |transcript-url= |quote= |language=English}}</reF> According to ''[[Duncan McIntosh Company|Sea Magazine]]'', Poulsbo Bread is the "best-known concoction" of Sluys' Bakery and few boaters visiting Poulsbo leave the town "without carrying home a loaf or two".<ref>{{cite news|title=No Passport Required|url=http://www.seamagazine.com/no-passport-required/|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Duncan McIntosh Company|Sea Magazine]]|date=September 1, 1994}}</ref> In 2008, a student of [[Libby High School]] in [[Libby, Montana]] credited his decision to move to [[Kitsap County]] and attend [[Olympic College]] on a [[soccer]] scholarship with his affinity for Poulsbo Bread, saying he regularly purchased the product at his local grocery store and, after reading a description of the town of Poulsbo on the packaging of the bread, thought "it would be a cool place to live".<ref>{{cite news|last1=Nealson|first1=Hope|title=Wickstrom Follows the Bread Trail|url=http://www.thewesternnews.com/members/article_3d6a7651-485a-5fe3-ba06-b7bcd681237a.html|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=Western News|date=June 13, 2008}}</ref>
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The bread has been variously described as "famous" and "world famous".<ref>{{cite news|last1=Gardner|first1=James Ross|title=52 Weekends|url=https://www.seattlemet.com/articles/2009/1/9/52-weekends|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Seattle Metropolitan]]|date=January 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last1=Blake|first1=Judith|title=Poulsbo Palate Pleasers -- Gustatory Pleasures Await Visitors To The Picturesque Waterfront Town On The Kitsap Peninsula|url=http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19920708&slug=1501097|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Seattle Times]]|date=July 8, 1992}}</ref><Ref>{{Cite episode |title=Sluys Poulsbo Bakery |episode-link= |url= |access-date= |series=A Few Great Bakeries |series-link= |first= |last= |network=[[PBS]] |station= |date=August 11, 2015 |season= |series-no= |number= |minutes= |time= |transcript= |transcript-url= |quote= |language=English}}</reF> According to ''[[Duncan McIntosh Company|Sea Magazine]]'', Poulsbo Bread is the "best-known concoction" of Sluys' Bakery and few boaters visiting Poulsbo leave the town "without carrying home a loaf or two".<ref>{{cite news|title=No Passport Required|url=http://www.seamagazine.com/no-passport-required/|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=[[Duncan McIntosh Company|Sea Magazine]]|date=September 1, 1994}}</ref> In 2008, a student of [[Libby High School]] in [[Libby, Montana]] credited his decision to move to [[Kitsap County]] and attend [[Olympic College]] on a [[intercollegiate athletics|athletic]] [[scholarship]] with his affinity for Poulsbo Bread, saying he regularly purchased the product at his local grocery store and, after reading a description of the town of Poulsbo on the packaging of the bread, thought "it would be a cool place to live".<ref>{{cite news|last1=Nealson|first1=Hope|title=Wickstrom Follows the Bread Trail|url=http://www.thewesternnews.com/members/article_3d6a7651-485a-5fe3-ba06-b7bcd681237a.html|accessdate=March 31, 2018|work=Western News|date=June 13, 2008}}</ref>
   
 
==References==
 
==References==

Capital Region of Denmark

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Overview: rmv "bay"

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Denmark's largest lake (Danish ''sø''), [[Arresø]], lies 43 kilometers (28 miles) northwest of Copenhagen. There are several other lakes, the deepest in Denmark being [[Furesø (lake)|Furesø]], 16 km (10 miles) northwest of Copenhagen, which is the namesake of [[Furesø Municipality]]. Among several forests the region also has [[Gribskov]]<ref>[http://naturstyrelsen.dk/drift-og-pleje/arealoversigt/nordsjaelland/ 401 Gribskov] Retrieved 20 January 2018</ref>, namesake of [[Gribskov Municipality]]. The forest park [[Dyrehaven]] is just north of Copenhagen (and east of Furesø) in [[Gentofte Municipality|Gentofte]] and [[Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality|Lyngby-Taarbæk]].
 
Denmark's largest lake (Danish ''sø''), [[Arresø]], lies 43 kilometers (28 miles) northwest of Copenhagen. There are several other lakes, the deepest in Denmark being [[Furesø (lake)|Furesø]], 16 km (10 miles) northwest of Copenhagen, which is the namesake of [[Furesø Municipality]]. Among several forests the region also has [[Gribskov]]<ref>[http://naturstyrelsen.dk/drift-og-pleje/arealoversigt/nordsjaelland/ 401 Gribskov] Retrieved 20 January 2018</ref>, namesake of [[Gribskov Municipality]]. The forest park [[Dyrehaven]] is just north of Copenhagen (and east of Furesø) in [[Gentofte Municipality|Gentofte]] and [[Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality|Lyngby-Taarbæk]].
   
[[Geology|Geologically]] the region lies in the northern part of [[Denmark]] which is rising because of [[Post-glacial rebound|post-glacial rebound]], making lakes out of former inlets and bays, of which Arresø is one example, having been a bay extending northwards into [[Kattegat]].<ref>[[Den Store Danske Encyklopædi]], article:Danmark, volume 4, page 542, illustration ''Landskabets dannelse''</ref>Because of the mobility of the [[Inland dune|sand dunes]], forests have been planted along the coast of [[Kattegat]] in the municipalities of [[Helsingør Municipality|Helsingør]], [[Gribskov Municipality|Gribskov]], and [[Halsnæs Municipality|Halsnæs]].
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[[Geology|Geologically]] the region lies in the northern part of [[Denmark]] which is rising because of [[Post-glacial rebound|post-glacial rebound]], making lakes out of former inlets and bays, of which Arresø is one example, having extended northwards into [[Kattegat]].<ref>[[Den Store Danske Encyklopædi]], article:Danmark, volume 4, page 542, illustration ''Landskabets dannelse''</ref>Because of the mobility of the [[Inland dune|sand dunes]], forests have been planted along the coast of [[Kattegat]] in the municipalities of [[Helsingør Municipality|Helsingør]], [[Gribskov Municipality|Gribskov]], and [[Halsnæs Municipality|Halsnæs]].
   
 
Without the remote island municipality Bornholm, located {{convert|150|km|mi|abbr=on}} southeast of Copenhagen and {{convert|135|km|mi|abbr=on}} directly east of [[Vordingborg Municipality]] ([[Møn]]) (across the [[Baltic Sea]]), and regarding only the land area of the 28 municipalities including and near Copenhagen, less than 1,850 sq km (between 700 and 715 sq. mi.), 1,000 inhabitants per sq km will be reached in 2018 or 2019.
 
Without the remote island municipality Bornholm, located {{convert|150|km|mi|abbr=on}} southeast of Copenhagen and {{convert|135|km|mi|abbr=on}} directly east of [[Vordingborg Municipality]] ([[Møn]]) (across the [[Baltic Sea]]), and regarding only the land area of the 28 municipalities including and near Copenhagen, less than 1,850 sq km (between 700 and 715 sq. mi.), 1,000 inhabitants per sq km will be reached in 2018 or 2019.

Talk:Steve Shamal

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Assessed

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{{WikiProject Football |class=Stub}}
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{{WikiProject Football |class=Stub|importance=low}}
{{WikiProject France |class=Stub}}
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{{WikiProject France |class=Stub|importance=low}}
 
{{WikiProject Biography |living=no |class=Stub |listas=Shamal, Steve}}
 
{{WikiProject Biography |living=no |class=Stub |listas=Shamal, Steve}}

User talk:63.119.245.239

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Warning: Addition of unsourced or improperly cited material on Master of Puppets (song). (TW)

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[[File:Information orange.svg|25px|alt=Information icon]] Please do not add unreferenced or [[Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources|poorly referenced]] information, especially if controversial, to articles or any other page on Wikipedia about [[Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons|living (or recently deceased) persons]], as you did to [[:Chase Utley]]. Thank you.<!-- Template:uw-biog2 --> —[[User:MRD2014|<span style="color:#5298C7"><b>MRD2014</b></span>]] <small>(formerly Qpalzmmzlapq)</small> [[User talk:MRD2014|'''T''']] [[Special:Contribs/MRD2014|'''C''']] 02:06, 29 May 2016 (UTC)
 
[[File:Information orange.svg|25px|alt=Information icon]] Please do not add unreferenced or [[Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources|poorly referenced]] information, especially if controversial, to articles or any other page on Wikipedia about [[Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons|living (or recently deceased) persons]], as you did to [[:Chase Utley]]. Thank you.<!-- Template:uw-biog2 --> —[[User:MRD2014|<span style="color:#5298C7"><b>MRD2014</b></span>]] <small>(formerly Qpalzmmzlapq)</small> [[User talk:MRD2014|'''T''']] [[Special:Contribs/MRD2014|'''C''']] 02:06, 29 May 2016 (UTC)
 
:''If this is a [[Network address translation|shared IP address]], and you did not make the edits, consider [[Wikipedia:Why create an account?|creating an account]] for yourself so you can avoid further irrelevant notices.''<!-- Template:Shared IP advice -->
 
:''If this is a [[Network address translation|shared IP address]], and you did not make the edits, consider [[Wikipedia:Why create an account?|creating an account]] for yourself so you can avoid further irrelevant notices.''<!-- Template:Shared IP advice -->
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== April 2018 ==
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[[File:Ambox warning pn.svg|25px|alt=|link=]] Please stop adding [[Wikipedia:Citing sources|unsourced]] content, as you did to [[:Master of Puppets (song)]]. This contravenes Wikipedia's policy on [[Wikipedia:Verifiability|verifiability]]. If you continue to do so, you may be [[Wikipedia:Blocking policy|blocked]] from editing Wikipedia. <!-- Template:uw-unsourced3 --> <b>[[User:Robvanvee|<span style="color:red">Rob</span>]][[User talk:Robvanvee|<span style="color:orange">van</span>]][[Special:Contributions/Robvanvee|<span style="color:green">vee</span>]]</b> 07:05, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
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:''If this is a [[Network address translation|shared IP address]], and you did not make the edits, consider [[Wikipedia:Why create an account?|creating an account]] for yourself or [[Special:UserLogin|logging in with an existing account]] so you can avoid further irrelevant notices.''<!-- Template:Shared IP advice -->

History of Crayola crayons

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

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|publisher = Crayola LLC}}</ref>
 
|publisher = Crayola LLC}}</ref>
   
The first major change was the replacement of eight colors that had long been part of the Crayola lineup. These were: Orange-Red (first produced in 1958), Maize (formerly Gold Ochre, produced since 1903), Orange-Yellow (1958), Lemon Yellow (formerly Light Yellow, produced since 1903), Green-Blue (1958), Violet-Blue (produced as Blue-Violet from 1930 to 1958), Raw Umber (1903), and Blue-Gray (1958).{{efn|The last versions of these crayons produced before they were discontinued spelled the names without hyphens.}} With the loss of Orange-Red, Orange-Yellow, Green-Blue, and Violet-Blue, the Crayola color wheel was reduced from eighteen to fourteen colors, with six "principal hues" and eight "intermediate" hues. The eight new colors were: Vivid Tangerine, Dandelion, Jungle Green, Teal Blue, Cerulean, Royal Purple, Fuchsia, and Wild Strawberry.<ref name="Welter"/>
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The first major change was the replacement of eight colors that had long been part of the Crayola lineup. These were: Orange-Red (first produced in 1958), Maize (formerly Gold Ochre, produced since 1903), Orange-Yellow (1958), Lemon Yellow (formerly Light Yellow, produced since 1903), Green-Blue (1958), Violet-Blue (produced as Blue-Violet from 1930 to 1958), Raw Umber (1903), and Blue-Gray (1958).{{efn|The last versions of these crayons produced before they were discontinued spelled the names without hyphens.}} With the loss of Orange-Red, Orange-Yellow, Green-Blue, and Violet-Blue, the Crayola color wheel was reduced from eighteen to fourteen colors, with six "principal hues" and eight "intermediate" hues. Replacing the eight retired colors in 1990 were Vivid Tangerine, Dandelion, Jungle Green, Teal Blue, Cerulean, Royal Purple, Fuchsia, and Wild Strawberry.<ref name="Welter"/>
   
 
Late in 1992, Binney & Smith introduced the Crayola No. 96 Big Box, containing the sixty-four existing colors, as well as sixteen fluorescent crayons, and sixteen unnamed colors, the names of which were to be chosen in a nationwide contest. The winners were announced the following year, and included: Macaroni and Cheese, Asparagus, Granny Smith Apple, Shamrock, Tropical Rain Forest, Robin's Egg Blue, Pacific Blue, Denim, Purple Mountains' Majesty, Wisteria, Cerise, Razzmatazz, Tickle Me Pink, Mauvelous, Tumbleweed, and Timberwolf.<ref name="Welter"/>
 
Late in 1992, Binney & Smith introduced the Crayola No. 96 Big Box, containing the sixty-four existing colors, as well as sixteen fluorescent crayons, and sixteen unnamed colors, the names of which were to be chosen in a nationwide contest. The winners were announced the following year, and included: Macaroni and Cheese, Asparagus, Granny Smith Apple, Shamrock, Tropical Rain Forest, Robin's Egg Blue, Pacific Blue, Denim, Purple Mountains' Majesty, Wisteria, Cerise, Razzmatazz, Tickle Me Pink, Mauvelous, Tumbleweed, and Timberwolf.<ref name="Welter"/>

File:Rechukka Pagatichukka.JPG

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Summary

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== Summary ==
 
== Summary ==
{{Orphaned non-free revisions|date=22:21, 1 April 2018 (UTC)}}
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{{Orphaned non-free revisions|date=1 April 2018}}
 
{{Non-free media data
 
{{Non-free media data
 
|Description = Theatrical release poster
 
|Description = Theatrical release poster

User:Yuhua Lu

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

User account Yuhua Lu was created

A Mero Hajur 2

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| name = A Mero Hajur 2
 
| name = A Mero Hajur 2
 
| image =
 
| image =
| caption =
 
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| caption = https://www.google.com.np/search?q=a+mero+hajur+2&client=tablet-android-huawei&prmd=vin&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjd4p20wZjaAhVFgI8KHbc-CZsQ_AUIEigC#imgrc=7C-n4AWbrjnhbM:
 
| director = [[Jharana Thapa]]
 
| director = [[Jharana Thapa]]
 
| producer = Sunil Kumar Thapa
 
| producer = Sunil Kumar Thapa

Fly Me to the Moon

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| Label = [[Decca Records|Decca]]
 
| Label = [[Decca Records|Decca]]
 
}}
 
}}
"'''Fly Me to the Moon'''", originally titled "'''In Other Words'''", is a song written in 1954 by [[Bart Howard]]. [[Kaye Ballard]] made the first recording of the song in 1954. Since then it has become a frequently recorded [[jazz standard]] often featured in popular culture; [[Frank Sinatra]]'s 1964 version was closely associated with the [[Apollo program|Apollo missions to the Moon]], and the Japanese animated series ''[[Neon Genesis Evangelion]]'' played the song at the end of each episode.
+
"'''Fly Me to the Moon'''", originally titled "'''In Other Words'''", is a song written in 1954 by [[Bart Howard]]. [[Kaye Ballard]] made the first recording of the song the year it was written. Since then it has become a frequently recorded [[jazz standard]] often featured in popular culture; [[Frank Sinatra]]'s 1964 version was closely associated with the [[Apollo program|Apollo missions to the Moon]], and the Japanese animated series ''[[Neon Genesis Evangelion]]'' played the song at the end of each episode.
   
 
In 1999, the US-based [[Songwriters Hall of Fame]] recognized the importance of "Fly Me to the Moon" by inducting it as a "Towering Song"<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.songwritershalloffame.org/ceremony/C3111 |title=1999 Award and Induction Ceremony |publisher=Songwriters Hall of Fame |date=1999-06-09 |accessdate=2013-12-07 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131207000556/http://songwritershalloffame.org/ceremony/C3111 |archivedate=2013-12-07 |df= }}</ref> which is an award "...presented each year to the creators of an individual song that has influenced our culture in a unique way over many years."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.songwritershalloffame.org/ceremony/awards/C3006 |title=Towering Song |publisher=Songwriters Hall of Fame |date= |accessdate=2013-12-07}}</ref>
 
In 1999, the US-based [[Songwriters Hall of Fame]] recognized the importance of "Fly Me to the Moon" by inducting it as a "Towering Song"<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.songwritershalloffame.org/ceremony/C3111 |title=1999 Award and Induction Ceremony |publisher=Songwriters Hall of Fame |date=1999-06-09 |accessdate=2013-12-07 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131207000556/http://songwritershalloffame.org/ceremony/C3111 |archivedate=2013-12-07 |df= }}</ref> which is an award "...presented each year to the creators of an individual song that has influenced our culture in a unique way over many years."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.songwritershalloffame.org/ceremony/awards/C3006 |title=Towering Song |publisher=Songwriters Hall of Fame |date= |accessdate=2013-12-07}}</ref>

Invasive species

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Template fixed

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Native [[species]] can be threatened with [[extinction]]<ref>{{cite journal|pmc=33232 |title=The evolutionary impact of invasive species |publisher= |year= 2001 |volume= 98 |issue= 10 |pmid= 11344292|last1= Mooney|first1= HA|last2= Cleland |first2= EE |pages= 5446–51 |doi= 10.1073/pnas.091093398 |journal= [[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]] }}</ref> through the process of ''[[genetic pollution]]''. Genetic pollution is unintentional [[Hybrid (biology)|hybridization]] and [[introgression]], which leads to homogenization or replacement of local [[genotypes]] as a result of either a numerical or [[Fitness (biology)|fitness]] advantage of the introduced species.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nativeseednetwork.org/article_view?id=13 |title=Glossary: definitions from the following publication: Aubry, C., R. Shoal and V. Erickson. 2005. Grass cultivars: their origins, development, and use on national forests and grasslands in the Pacific Northwest. USDA Forest Service. 44 pages, plus appendices.; Native Seed Network (NSN), Institute for Applied Ecology, 563 SW Jefferson Ave, Corvallis, OR 97333, USA |publisher=Nativeseednetwork.org |accessdate=2011-05-17 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20060222092651/http://www.nativeseednetwork.org/article_view?id=13 |archivedate=2006-02-22 |df= }}</ref> Genetic pollution occurs either through introduction or through habitat modification, where previously isolated species are brought into contact with the new genotypes. Invading species have been shown to adapt to their new environments in a remarkably short amount of time.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Mooney|first=H. A.|last2=Cleland|first2=E. E.|date=2001-05-08|title=The evolutionary impact of invasive species|url=http://www.pnas.org/content/98/10/5446|journal=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences|language=en|volume=98|issue=10|pages=5446–5451|doi=10.1073/pnas.091093398|issn=0027-8424|pmc=33232|pmid=11344292}}</ref> The population size of invading species may remain small for a number of years and then experience an explosion in population, a phenomenon known as "the lag effect".<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Mack|first=Richard N.|last2=Simberloff|first2=Daniel|last3=Mark Lonsdale|first3=W.|last4=Evans|first4=Harry|last5=Clout|first5=Michael|last6=Bazzaz|first6=Fakhri A.|date=2000-06-01|title=Biotic Invasions: Causes, Epidemiology, Global Consequences, and Control|url=http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0689:BICEGC]2.0.CO;2/abstract|journal=Ecological Applications|language=en|volume=10|issue=3|pages=689–710|doi=10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0689:BICEGC]2.0.CO;2|issn=1939-5582}}</ref>
 
Native [[species]] can be threatened with [[extinction]]<ref>{{cite journal|pmc=33232 |title=The evolutionary impact of invasive species |publisher= |year= 2001 |volume= 98 |issue= 10 |pmid= 11344292|last1= Mooney|first1= HA|last2= Cleland |first2= EE |pages= 5446–51 |doi= 10.1073/pnas.091093398 |journal= [[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]] }}</ref> through the process of ''[[genetic pollution]]''. Genetic pollution is unintentional [[Hybrid (biology)|hybridization]] and [[introgression]], which leads to homogenization or replacement of local [[genotypes]] as a result of either a numerical or [[Fitness (biology)|fitness]] advantage of the introduced species.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nativeseednetwork.org/article_view?id=13 |title=Glossary: definitions from the following publication: Aubry, C., R. Shoal and V. Erickson. 2005. Grass cultivars: their origins, development, and use on national forests and grasslands in the Pacific Northwest. USDA Forest Service. 44 pages, plus appendices.; Native Seed Network (NSN), Institute for Applied Ecology, 563 SW Jefferson Ave, Corvallis, OR 97333, USA |publisher=Nativeseednetwork.org |accessdate=2011-05-17 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20060222092651/http://www.nativeseednetwork.org/article_view?id=13 |archivedate=2006-02-22 |df= }}</ref> Genetic pollution occurs either through introduction or through habitat modification, where previously isolated species are brought into contact with the new genotypes. Invading species have been shown to adapt to their new environments in a remarkably short amount of time.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Mooney|first=H. A.|last2=Cleland|first2=E. E.|date=2001-05-08|title=The evolutionary impact of invasive species|url=http://www.pnas.org/content/98/10/5446|journal=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences|language=en|volume=98|issue=10|pages=5446–5451|doi=10.1073/pnas.091093398|issn=0027-8424|pmc=33232|pmid=11344292}}</ref> The population size of invading species may remain small for a number of years and then experience an explosion in population, a phenomenon known as "the lag effect".<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Mack|first=Richard N.|last2=Simberloff|first2=Daniel|last3=Mark Lonsdale|first3=W.|last4=Evans|first4=Harry|last5=Clout|first5=Michael|last6=Bazzaz|first6=Fakhri A.|date=2000-06-01|title=Biotic Invasions: Causes, Epidemiology, Global Consequences, and Control|url=http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0689:BICEGC]2.0.CO;2/abstract|journal=Ecological Applications|language=en|volume=10|issue=3|pages=689–710|doi=10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0689:BICEGC]2.0.CO;2|issn=1939-5582}}</ref>
   
Hybrids resulting from invasive species interbreeding with native species can incorporate their genotypes into the gene pool over time through introgression. Similarly, in some instances a small invading population can threaten much larger native populations. For example, ''Spartina alterniflora'' was introduced in the San Francisco Bay and hybridized with native ''Spartina foliosa.'' The higher pollen count and male fitness of the invading species resulted in [[introgression]] that threatened the native populations due to lower pollen counts and lower viability of the native species.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/12469817_Anttila_CK_King_RA_Ferris_C_Ayres_DR_Strong_DR_Reciprocal_hybrid_formation_of_Spartina_in_San_Francisco_Bay_Mol_Ecol_9_765-770|title=Anttila CK, King RA, Ferris C, Ayres DR, Strong DR. Reciprocal hybrid formation of Spartina in San Francisco Bay. Mol Ecol 9: 765–770 (PDF Download Available)|website=ResearchGate|language=en|access-date=2017-06-02}}</ref> Reduction in fitness is not always apparent from [[Morphology (biology)|morphological]] observations alone. Some degree of [[gene flow]] is normal, and preserves constellations of [[gene]]s and genotypes.<ref>{{cite journal | doi = 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.27.1.83 | volume=27 | title=Extinction by Hybridization and Introgression | journal=Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics | pages=83–109 | first1=Judith M. | last1=Rhymer | first2=Daniel | last2=Simberloff | year=1996}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/AFT/01-114.pdf |title=Genetic Pollution from Farm Forestry using eucalypt species and hybrids; A report for the RIRDC/L&WA/FWPRDC]; Joint Venture Agroforestry Program; by Brad M. Potts, Robert C. Barbour, Andrew B. Hingston; September 2001; RIRDC Publication No 01/114; RIRDC Project No CPF - 3A; ISBN 0-642-58336-6 ISSN-1440-6845; Australian Government, Rural Industrial Research and Development Corporation |publisher= |accessdate=22 April 2017 |deadurl=y|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20040102175403/http://www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/AFT/01-114.pdf |archivedate= 2 January 2004 |df= }}</ref> An example of this is the interbreeding of migrating [[coyote]]s with the [[red wolf]], in areas of eastern North Carolina where the red wolf was reintroduced.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272198334_Factors_influencing_red_wolf-coyote_hybridization_in_eastern_North_Carolina_USA|title=Factors influencing red wolf–coyote hybridization in eastern North Carolina, USA (PDF Download Available)|website=ResearchGate|language=en|access-date=2017-06-02}}</ref> The end result was a decrease in stable breeding pairs of red wolf, which may further complicate the social stability of packs and reintroduction efforts.
+
Hybrids resulting from invasive species interbreeding with native species can incorporate their genotypes into the gene pool over time through introgression. Similarly, in some instances a small invading population can threaten much larger native populations. For example, ''Spartina alterniflora'' was introduced in the San Francisco Bay and hybridized with native ''Spartina foliosa.'' The higher pollen count and male fitness of the invading species resulted in [[introgression]] that threatened the native populations due to lower pollen counts and lower viability of the native species.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/12469817_Anttila_CK_King_RA_Ferris_C_Ayres_DR_Strong_DR_Reciprocal_hybrid_formation_of_Spartina_in_San_Francisco_Bay_Mol_Ecol_9_765-770|title=Anttila CK, King RA, Ferris C, Ayres DR, Strong DR. Reciprocal hybrid formation of Spartina in San Francisco Bay. Mol Ecol 9: 765–770 (PDF Download Available)|website=ResearchGate|language=en|access-date=2017-06-02}}</ref> Reduction in fitness is not always apparent from [[Morphology (biology)|morphological]] observations alone. Some degree of [[gene flow]] is normal, and preserves constellations of [[gene]]s and genotypes.<ref>{{cite journal | doi = 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.27.1.83 | volume=27 | title=Extinction by Hybridization and Introgression | journal=Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics | pages=83–109 | first1=Judith M. | last1=Rhymer | first2=Daniel | last2=Simberloff | year=1996}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/AFT/01-114.pdf |title=Genetic Pollution from Farm Forestry using eucalypt species and hybrids; A report for the RIRDC/L&WA/FWPRDC]; Joint Venture Agroforestry Program; by Brad M. Potts, Robert C. Barbour, Andrew B. Hingston; September 2001; RIRDC Publication No 01/114; RIRDC Project No CPF - 3A; |isbn=0-642-58336-6 |issn=1440-6845 |publisher=Australian Government, Rural Industrial Research and Development Corporation |accessdate=22 April 2017 |deadurl=y|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20040102175403/http://www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/AFT/01-114.pdf |archivedate= 2 January 2004 |df= }}</ref> An example of this is the interbreeding of migrating [[coyote]]s with the [[red wolf]], in areas of eastern North Carolina where the red wolf was reintroduced.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272198334_Factors_influencing_red_wolf-coyote_hybridization_in_eastern_North_Carolina_USA|title=Factors influencing red wolf–coyote hybridization in eastern North Carolina, USA (PDF Download Available)|website=ResearchGate|language=en|access-date=2017-06-02}}</ref> The end result was a decrease in stable breeding pairs of red wolf, which may further complicate the social stability of packs and reintroduction efforts.
   
 
== Invasive exotic diseases ==
 
== Invasive exotic diseases ==

Talk:Cleopatra/GA1

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Non-reviewer comment

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:{{ping|Katolophyromai}} thank you for offering your advice! As you might have seen in the talk page discussion, the lead was actually even larger than it is now! Believe it or not, I've already cut out a lot of information, but I'm still pondering how to do that without disrupting the narrative flow of the two middle paragraphs. I'm still working on it, however, so expect to see a shorter, more digestible lead in the very near future. I have been caught up working on other Cleopatra-related articles, like [[Death of Cleopatra]], so that I haven't been able to give this issue my full and undivided attention. I will try to do so now that you've raised the issue once more, a chief concern of editors on the talk page reviewing my work. Warm regards, <strong>[[User:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: blue;">Pericles of Athens</span>]]</strong><sup>[[User talk:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: #0000CD;">Talk</span>]]</sup> 05:23, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
:{{ping|Katolophyromai}} thank you for offering your advice! As you might have seen in the talk page discussion, the lead was actually even larger than it is now! Believe it or not, I've already cut out a lot of information, but I'm still pondering how to do that without disrupting the narrative flow of the two middle paragraphs. I'm still working on it, however, so expect to see a shorter, more digestible lead in the very near future. I have been caught up working on other Cleopatra-related articles, like [[Death of Cleopatra]], so that I haven't been able to give this issue my full and undivided attention. I will try to do so now that you've raised the issue once more, a chief concern of editors on the talk page reviewing my work. Warm regards, <strong>[[User:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: blue;">Pericles of Athens</span>]]</strong><sup>[[User talk:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: #0000CD;">Talk</span>]]</sup> 05:23, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
::{{ping|Katolophyromai}} just to let you know, I have taken your advice and edited the lead section, removing entire sentences and shortening others to the best of my abilities. Please let me know if you find the current length to be more suitable, or if you think the size of it should be reduced even further. I haven't counted the characters for each of them, but I'd say it's now roughly the size of the lead for [[Origen]] as you cited above. <strong>[[User:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: blue;">Pericles of Athens</span>]]</strong><sup>[[User talk:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: #0000CD;">Talk</span>]]</sup> 05:35, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
::{{ping|Katolophyromai}} just to let you know, I have taken your advice and edited the lead section, removing entire sentences and shortening others to the best of my abilities. Please let me know if you find the current length to be more suitable, or if you think the size of it should be reduced even further. I haven't counted the characters for each of them, but I'd say it's now roughly the size of the lead for [[Origen]] as you cited above. <strong>[[User:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: blue;">Pericles of Athens</span>]]</strong><sup>[[User talk:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: #0000CD;">Talk</span>]]</sup> 05:35, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
  +
:::In fact, it is now just a bit longer than the lead sections of biopic articles such as [[Leonardo da Vinci]] and [[George Washington]]. <strong>[[User:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: blue;">Pericles of Athens</span>]]</strong><sup>[[User talk:PericlesofAthens|<span style="color: #0000CD;">Talk</span>]]</sup> 07:05, 1 April 2018 (UTC)

Draft:International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences

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The '''''International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences''''' is a [[peer-reviewed]] [[academic journal]] covering unique and less explored aspects of [[management]], [[economics]] and [[social sciences]]. It is published by the [[IJMESS Int'l Publishers]] and was established in 2012. The prime objective of the journal is to publish empirical, academic, theoretical and review research articles that contribute to the practice in management, economics and social sciences (http://eresources.loc.gov/record=b1989737~S2). The journal is indexed/abstracted in respected and reputed international databases like ''[[The IET's Inspec]]'', ESF/NSD's ''[[ERIH PLUS]]'', ''[[Ulrichsweb]]'', ''[[Journal TOCs]]'', ''[[CNKI]]'' Scholar etc (http://ijmess.com/moreindexing.php). The journal has a 2018 [[ICDS (Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting)]] value of 3.80 (http://miar.ub.edu/issn/2304-1366). All published articles are permanently archived with [[Econstor]] which is an archiving service provided by [[German National Library of Economics]] (https://www.econstor.eu/dspace/handle/10419/62009). International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences is ranked by Chartered ABS, UK and is included in Carhus Plus, Spain 2018 journal ranking.
 
The '''''International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences''''' is a [[peer-reviewed]] [[academic journal]] covering unique and less explored aspects of [[management]], [[economics]] and [[social sciences]]. It is published by the [[IJMESS Int'l Publishers]] and was established in 2012. The prime objective of the journal is to publish empirical, academic, theoretical and review research articles that contribute to the practice in management, economics and social sciences (http://eresources.loc.gov/record=b1989737~S2). The journal is indexed/abstracted in respected and reputed international databases like ''[[The IET's Inspec]]'', ESF/NSD's ''[[ERIH PLUS]]'', ''[[Ulrichsweb]]'', ''[[Journal TOCs]]'', ''[[CNKI]]'' Scholar etc (http://ijmess.com/moreindexing.php). The journal has a 2018 [[ICDS (Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting)]] value of 3.80 (http://miar.ub.edu/issn/2304-1366). All published articles are permanently archived with [[Econstor]] which is an archiving service provided by [[German National Library of Economics]] (https://www.econstor.eu/dspace/handle/10419/62009). International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences is ranked by Chartered ABS, UK and is included in Carhus Plus, Spain 2018 journal ranking.
   
vjdnsdvsdj
 
  +
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences stands among few social science journals included in ''[[Stata]]'' quality journals list (https://www.stata.com/links/social-science-journals). The journal is also featured in America's popular psychology education company AlleyDog (https://www.alleydog.com/psychology-journals.php#I).
   
 
== References ==
 
== References ==

User:Ally kihara

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

User account Ally kihara was created

Talk:Cameron Kasky

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Alleged Jewish background

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Just a reminder to all editors, [[WP:BLP]] should be excruciatingly studied before adding material on this person, who has already [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/florida-school-shooting-survivor-death-threats-nra-facebook-quit-a8223146.html reported] threats to his safety. Per [[WP:BLPPRIMARY]] and [[WP:BLPPRIVACY]], primary sources should not be used, especially ones that include personal details. We should [[WP:AVOIDVICTIM|avoid victimization]] by only including the facts most pertinent and widely reported, or even omitting some reported details as appropriate. The dignity and safety of human beings always comes before writing a meticulously detailed article. [[User:Animalparty|--Animalparty!]] ([[User talk:Animalparty|talk]]) 23:20, 25 February 2018 (UTC)
 
Just a reminder to all editors, [[WP:BLP]] should be excruciatingly studied before adding material on this person, who has already [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/florida-school-shooting-survivor-death-threats-nra-facebook-quit-a8223146.html reported] threats to his safety. Per [[WP:BLPPRIMARY]] and [[WP:BLPPRIVACY]], primary sources should not be used, especially ones that include personal details. We should [[WP:AVOIDVICTIM|avoid victimization]] by only including the facts most pertinent and widely reported, or even omitting some reported details as appropriate. The dignity and safety of human beings always comes before writing a meticulously detailed article. [[User:Animalparty|--Animalparty!]] ([[User talk:Animalparty|talk]]) 23:20, 25 February 2018 (UTC)
   
== Alleged Jewish background ==
+
== Jewish background ==
 
It is important to mention Cameron Kasky is a Jew, just as it has been noted on Emma González's page she is a Cuban-American. It is not a minority view or POV to state someone is a minority, when there are sources that document it. In addition, readers might be interested to know Kasky is Jewish, given the name of the movement he founded "Never Again" is usually associated with the Holocaust. I can't see any reason to delete mention of Kasky's Jewish background, when there are reliable references such as ''The Forward'' and ''Jewish Telegraphic Agency''. ''The New York Times'' stated last year, "The Forward has chronicled the experiences of Jews in the United States for 120 years." And in that article, the editor-in-chief stated, "We want to be accurate and fair and passionate in our journalism, but we don't want to inflame."<ref>{{cite web |author= Jaclyn Peiser|date= October 8, 2017|publisher=''[[The New York Times]]''|url= https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/08/business/media/the-forward-antisemitism.html |title= Anti-Semitism's Rise Gives The Forward New Resolve}}</ref> The only reason I can think of NOT to mention Kasky is Jewish is if it might increase anti-Semitic attacks against him. Unless there is a more well established source showing ''The Forward'' is not a notable, well established, reliable source, I think editors shouldn't delete that reference. [[WP:BLP]], [[WP:NEWSORG]] -[[User:James James Morrison Morrison|JJMM]] ([[User talk:James James Morrison Morrison|talk]]) 19:58, 27 February 2018 (UTC)
 
It is important to mention Cameron Kasky is a Jew, just as it has been noted on Emma González's page she is a Cuban-American. It is not a minority view or POV to state someone is a minority, when there are sources that document it. In addition, readers might be interested to know Kasky is Jewish, given the name of the movement he founded "Never Again" is usually associated with the Holocaust. I can't see any reason to delete mention of Kasky's Jewish background, when there are reliable references such as ''The Forward'' and ''Jewish Telegraphic Agency''. ''The New York Times'' stated last year, "The Forward has chronicled the experiences of Jews in the United States for 120 years." And in that article, the editor-in-chief stated, "We want to be accurate and fair and passionate in our journalism, but we don't want to inflame."<ref>{{cite web |author= Jaclyn Peiser|date= October 8, 2017|publisher=''[[The New York Times]]''|url= https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/08/business/media/the-forward-antisemitism.html |title= Anti-Semitism's Rise Gives The Forward New Resolve}}</ref> The only reason I can think of NOT to mention Kasky is Jewish is if it might increase anti-Semitic attacks against him. Unless there is a more well established source showing ''The Forward'' is not a notable, well established, reliable source, I think editors shouldn't delete that reference. [[WP:BLP]], [[WP:NEWSORG]] -[[User:James James Morrison Morrison|JJMM]] ([[User talk:James James Morrison Morrison|talk]]) 19:58, 27 February 2018 (UTC)
 
{{reflist-talk}}
 
{{reflist-talk}}
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::::::::::::::::::::I agree about protecting Kasky according to [[WP:BLP]], but don't agree that referencing his religion/ethnicity by citing a source is [[WP:OR]] or [[WP:SYNTH]]. Many Wikipedia articles mention Jewish backgrounds using references, even if that person is not a religious Jew, as part of the person's background or early life history (for example, using the category "American people of Jewish descent"). It's still not clear how ''The Forward'' article can be considered anti-Semitic, because [[antisemitism]] by definition means hostility towards Jews or discrimination against Jews. As I said before, I am fine with waiting for additional sources that corroborate ''The Forward''. I agree with Bus stop's line of reasoning. A person's Jewishness is relevant biographical information. How is mention that Kasky is Jewish irrelevant to his background? That's a separate section (and issue) from his advocacy. Editors needs to be careful of using WP:BLP policy to bully other editors during editing discussions [[WP:CRYBLP]] -[[User:James James Morrison Morrison|JJMM]] ([[User talk:James James Morrison Morrison|talk]]) 02:32, 11 March 2018 (UTC)
 
::::::::::::::::::::I agree about protecting Kasky according to [[WP:BLP]], but don't agree that referencing his religion/ethnicity by citing a source is [[WP:OR]] or [[WP:SYNTH]]. Many Wikipedia articles mention Jewish backgrounds using references, even if that person is not a religious Jew, as part of the person's background or early life history (for example, using the category "American people of Jewish descent"). It's still not clear how ''The Forward'' article can be considered anti-Semitic, because [[antisemitism]] by definition means hostility towards Jews or discrimination against Jews. As I said before, I am fine with waiting for additional sources that corroborate ''The Forward''. I agree with Bus stop's line of reasoning. A person's Jewishness is relevant biographical information. How is mention that Kasky is Jewish irrelevant to his background? That's a separate section (and issue) from his advocacy. Editors needs to be careful of using WP:BLP policy to bully other editors during editing discussions [[WP:CRYBLP]] -[[User:James James Morrison Morrison|JJMM]] ([[User talk:James James Morrison Morrison|talk]]) 02:32, 11 March 2018 (UTC)
  +
  +
Numerous sources have reported that Kasky is Jewish, and claiming that mentioning it is "antisemitic" is baseless confused nonsense. -- [[User:Jibal|Jibal]] ([[User talk:Jibal|talk]]) 07:05, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
   
 
== Birthday ==
 
== Birthday ==

Talk:Jan Grabowski (historian)

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Puffery - "Historian" - for grad student writing a review on a website

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== Puffery - "Historian" - for grad student writing a review on a website ==
 
== Puffery - "Historian" - for grad student writing a review on a website ==
 
Having a PhD is not sufficient for being labelled as an historian. It is even less sufficient when the PhD is awarded on March 2015 (per a rather primary source - [https://ug.edu.pl/41828/lukasz_marek_meczykowski]), and the review in question was written in January 2012 - more than 3 years prior - on a website. So we have a doctoral student writing a review on a website - an historian this does not make.[[User:Icewhiz|Icewhiz]] ([[User talk:Icewhiz|talk]]) 06:21, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
Having a PhD is not sufficient for being labelled as an historian. It is even less sufficient when the PhD is awarded on March 2015 (per a rather primary source - [https://ug.edu.pl/41828/lukasz_marek_meczykowski]), and the review in question was written in January 2012 - more than 3 years prior - on a website. So we have a doctoral student writing a review on a website - an historian this does not make.[[User:Icewhiz|Icewhiz]] ([[User talk:Icewhiz|talk]]) 06:21, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
:This is a nonsense claim. First of all, we don't even need a citation for that fact, per the same [[WP:SYNTH]]: we don't conduct our research into whether he is or isn't one, and inform the reader of our finds. Secondly, his description as a historian does not depend on him being a PhD, let along on him being one at that exact date -- that's your personal theory, and the article should not be held ransom to it. [[User:Dahn|Dahn]] ([[User talk:Dahn|talk]]) 06:55, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
+
:This is a nonsense claim. First of all, we don't even need a citation for that fact, per the same [[WP:SYNTH]]: we don't conduct our research into whether he is or isn't one, and inform the reader of our finds. Secondly, his description as a historian does not depend on him being a PhD (Masters will do), let along on him being one at that exact date -- that's your personal theory, and the article should not be held ransom to it. [[User:Dahn|Dahn]] ([[User talk:Dahn|talk]]) 06:55, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
   
 
==Radio interview==
 
==Radio interview==

Viktor Tsoi

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Biography

← Previous revision Revision as of 07:05, 1 April 2018
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[[File:Viktor Tsoi's Family.jpg|thumb|left|Viktor Tsoi with his wife and son]]
 
[[File:Viktor Tsoi's Family.jpg|thumb|left|Viktor Tsoi with his wife and son]]
 
Viktor Robertovich Tsoi was born in [[Saint Petersburg|Leningrad]] on 21 June 1962. He was the only child of Valentina Vasilyevna Tsoi (née Guseva) (1939–2009), a [[Russian people|Russian]] schoolteacher, and Robert Maksimovich Tsoi (1937–), a [[Koryo-saram|Soviet-Korean]] engineer.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B7t0-nZ6KfU Viktor Tsoi's parents in Lyubov' skvoz' gody, 2008 - YouTube]</ref> Tsoi's Korean ancestry can be traced back to [[Songjin]], [[Hamgyong]], [[Korea]] (today's [[Kimchaek]], [[North Korea]]), where his great-grandfather Choi Yong-nam was born.<ref>[https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=ru&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fprimamedia.ru%2Fnews%2Fsociety%2F04.02.2015%2F418926%2Frodstvenniki-viktora-tsoya-zhili-vo-vladivostoke-v-rayone-pervoy-rechki.html Relatives of Viktor Tsoi lived in Vladivostok in the area of the first Rivers] (translation).[[Alexander Zhitinsky]], ''Цой forever'', 2012 - p. 41</ref>
 
Viktor Robertovich Tsoi was born in [[Saint Petersburg|Leningrad]] on 21 June 1962. He was the only child of Valentina Vasilyevna Tsoi (née Guseva) (1939–2009), a [[Russian people|Russian]] schoolteacher, and Robert Maksimovich Tsoi (1937–), a [[Koryo-saram|Soviet-Korean]] engineer.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B7t0-nZ6KfU Viktor Tsoi's parents in Lyubov' skvoz' gody, 2008 - YouTube]</ref> Tsoi's Korean ancestry can be traced back to [[Songjin]], [[Hamgyong]], [[Korea]] (today's [[Kimchaek]], [[North Korea]]), where his great-grandfather Choi Yong-nam was born.<ref>[https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=ru&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fprimamedia.ru%2Fnews%2Fsociety%2F04.02.2015%2F418926%2Frodstvenniki-viktora-tsoya-zhili-vo-vladivostoke-v-rayone-pervoy-rechki.html Relatives of Viktor Tsoi lived in Vladivostok in the area of the first Rivers] (translation).[[Alexander Zhitinsky]], ''Цой forever'', 2012 - p. 41</ref>
  +
  +
Tsoi grew up in the vicinity of the [[Moskovsky Victory Park]]: he was born in the maternity hospital on Kuznetsovskaya Street (located inside the park, now it is a cardio center), the family lived in the notable "general's house" at the corner of [[Moskovsky Avenue]] and Basseynaya Street (now it is an architectural monument).<ref>http://petersburglike.ru/2015-08-23/dom-so-shpilem-ili-generalskij-dom/</ref>. For some time Viktor studied at a nearby school in Frunze Street, where his mother worked<ref>http://www.rosbalt.ru/piter/2012/06/21/994918.html</ref>.
   
 
From 1974 until 1977, Tsoi attended a middle art school, where he was a member of the band Palata № 6.<ref>[[Alexander Zhitinsky]], ''Цой forever'', 2012 - p. 50</ref> From 1977, he attended the [[Tavricheskaya Art School|Serov Art School]], until he was expelled in 1979 for poor performance.<ref>"[http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/music/viktor-tsoy/ Prominent Russians: Viktor Tsoy]." ''[[RT (TV network)|RT]]''. Retrieved on 8 November 2011.</ref> Afterwards, he attended SGPTU-61, where he was studying to become a wood carver.<ref>[[Alexander Zhitinsky]], ''Цой forever'', 2012 - p. 64</ref> In his youth, he was a fan of [[Mikhail Boyarsky]] and [[Vladimir Vysotsky]], and later [[Bruce Lee]], after whom he started modeling his image.<ref>[http://lichnosti.net/people_60.html Viktor Tsoi on the website ''Lichnosti'']</ref>
 
From 1974 until 1977, Tsoi attended a middle art school, where he was a member of the band Palata № 6.<ref>[[Alexander Zhitinsky]], ''Цой forever'', 2012 - p. 50</ref> From 1977, he attended the [[Tavricheskaya Art School|Serov Art School]], until he was expelled in 1979 for poor performance.<ref>"[http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/music/viktor-tsoy/ Prominent Russians: Viktor Tsoy]." ''[[RT (TV network)|RT]]''. Retrieved on 8 November 2011.</ref> Afterwards, he attended SGPTU-61, where he was studying to become a wood carver.<ref>[[Alexander Zhitinsky]], ''Цой forever'', 2012 - p. 64</ref> In his youth, he was a fan of [[Mikhail Boyarsky]] and [[Vladimir Vysotsky]], and later [[Bruce Lee]], after whom he started modeling his image.<ref>[http://lichnosti.net/people_60.html Viktor Tsoi on the website ''Lichnosti'']</ref>

Groo the Wanderer

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Original publications

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**''[[Epic Illustrated]]'' #27 Epic/Marvel (December 1984)
 
**''[[Epic Illustrated]]'' #27 Epic/Marvel (December 1984)
 
**''Wizard'' #78 Wizard Press (February 1998)
 
**''Wizard'' #78 Wizard Press (February 1998)
**''[[Dark Horse Presents]]'' Annual 1999 Dark Horse (August 1999)
+
**''[[Dark Horse Presents]] Annual 1999'' Dark Horse (August 1999)
 
**''Dark Horse Extra'' #42 Dark Horse (December 2001)
 
**''Dark Horse Extra'' #42 Dark Horse (December 2001)
 
**''[[Dark Horse Presents]]'' #7-9 Dark Horse (February - April 2015)
 
**''[[Dark Horse Presents]]'' #7-9 Dark Horse (February - April 2015)

Hinganghat

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Religion

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In Hinganghat, Garba is worshipped in Mata Mandir, "a temple of Mata Devi". It is the most important place in [[Navratri]] in Hinganghat and the oldest temple in the city and the landspace was donated by Ganpatro Sadashiv Mawle.{{citation needed|date=January 2015}}
 
In Hinganghat, Garba is worshipped in Mata Mandir, "a temple of Mata Devi". It is the most important place in [[Navratri]] in Hinganghat and the oldest temple in the city and the landspace was donated by Ganpatro Sadashiv Mawle.{{citation needed|date=January 2015}}
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{{bar box
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|title=Religions in Hinganghat
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|titlebar=#Fcd116
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|left1=Religion
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|right1=Percent
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|float=right
 
|bars=
 
|bars=
{{bar percent|[[Hinduism]]|orange|77.09}}
+
{{bar percent|[[Hindus]]|orange|77.91}}
{{bar percent|[[Buddhism]]|blue|13.36}}
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{{bar percent|[[Buddhist]]|gold|13.36}}
{{bar percent|[[Islam]]|#009000|7.91}}
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{{bar percent|[[Muslims]]|green|7.09}}
{{bar percent|[[Christianity]]|Blue|0.17}}
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{{bar percent|[[Christian]]|dodgerblue|0.17}}
{{bar percent|[[Sikhism]]|#FFFF00|0.12}}
+
{{bar percent|[[Jainism|Jains]]|pink|0.42}}
{{bar percent|[[Jainism]]|#9955BB|0.42}}
+
{{bar percent|[[Sikhism|Sikhs]]|darkkhaki|0.12}}
{{bar percent|Others|#808080|0.10}}
+
{{bar percent|Others†|black|0.8}}
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|caption=Distribution of religions<br />
  +
†<small>Includes People with no particular religion.</small>
 
}}
 
}}
   

Protozoa

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Changed retrieval dates so all the same format for sake of consistency.

← Previous revision Revision as of 07:05, 1 April 2018
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[[File:Protozoa collage 2.jpg|right|thumb|upright=1.5|Clockwise from top left: ''[[Blepharisma japonicum]]'', a [[ciliate]]; ''[[Giardia|Giardia muris]]'', a parasitic [[flagellate]]; ''[[Centropyxis aculeata]]'', a testate (shelled) [[amoeba]]; [[Peridinium willei|''Peridinium willei'']], a dinoflagellate; ''[[Chaos carolinense]]'', a naked amoebozoan; ''[[Desmerella moniliformis]]'', a [[choanoflagellate]] ]]
 
[[File:Protozoa collage 2.jpg|right|thumb|upright=1.5|Clockwise from top left: ''[[Blepharisma japonicum]]'', a [[ciliate]]; ''[[Giardia|Giardia muris]]'', a parasitic [[flagellate]]; ''[[Centropyxis aculeata]]'', a testate (shelled) [[amoeba]]; [[Peridinium willei|''Peridinium willei'']], a dinoflagellate; ''[[Chaos carolinense]]'', a naked amoebozoan; ''[[Desmerella moniliformis]]'', a [[choanoflagellate]] ]]
   
'''Protozoa''' (also '''protozoan''', plural '''protozoans''') is an informal term for single-celled [[Eukaryote|eukaryotic]] organisms, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other [[Microorganism|microorganisms]] or organic tissues and debris.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=sYgKY6zz20YC&pg=PA130&lpg=PA130&dq=panno+the+cell&source=bl&ots=ulCFR4nQvZ&sig=ui007KrH7De1bgLdt8gqh3pI_eY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjlk620g_zZAhUFn-AKHQfCCdEQ6AEITTAF#v=onepage&q=panno%20the%20cell&f=false|title=The Cell: Evolution of the First Organism|last=Panno|first=Joseph|date=2014-05-14|publisher=Infobase Publishing|isbn=9780816067367|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=2zVqBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA9&dq=bertrand+microbiology&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjPr6Hvi_zZAhXCp1kKHYmcCy8Q6AEIKTAA#v=snippet&q=endocytosis&f=false|title=Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications: Microbial Ecology|last=Bertrand|first=Jean-Claude|last2=Caumette|first2=Pierre|last3=Lebaron|first3=Philippe|last4=Matheron|first4=Robert|last5=Normand|first5=Philippe|last6=Sime-Ngando|first6=Télesphore|date=2015-01-26|publisher=Springer|isbn=9789401791182|language=en}}</ref> Historically, the protozoa were regarded as "one-celled animals," because they often possess [[animal]]-like behaviors, such as [[motility]] and [[predation]], and lack a cell wall, as found in plants and many [[algae]].<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=RawZTwEACAAJ&dq=brock+biology+of+microorganisms+13th&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiLoNGVifzZAhWxrFkKHWfkDG0Q6AEIKTAA|title=Brock Biology of Microorganisms|last=Madigan|first=Michael T.|date=2012|publisher=Benjamin Cummings|isbn=9780321649638|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8325/|title=Protozoa: Structure, Classification, Growth, and Development|last=Yaeger|first=Robert G.|date=1996|website=NCBI|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=March 23, 2018}}</ref> Although the traditional practice of grouping of protozoa with animals is no longer considered valid, the term continues to be used in a loose way to identify single-celled organisms that can move independently and feed by [[Heterotroph|heterotrophy]].
+
'''Protozoa''' (also '''protozoan''', plural '''protozoans''') is an informal term for single-celled [[Eukaryote|eukaryotic]] organisms, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other [[Microorganism|microorganisms]] or organic tissues and debris.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=sYgKY6zz20YC&pg=PA130&lpg=PA130&dq=panno+the+cell&source=bl&ots=ulCFR4nQvZ&sig=ui007KrH7De1bgLdt8gqh3pI_eY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjlk620g_zZAhUFn-AKHQfCCdEQ6AEITTAF#v=onepage&q=panno%20the%20cell&f=false|title=The Cell: Evolution of the First Organism|last=Panno|first=Joseph|date=2014-05-14|publisher=Infobase Publishing|isbn=9780816067367|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=2zVqBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA9&dq=bertrand+microbiology&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjPr6Hvi_zZAhXCp1kKHYmcCy8Q6AEIKTAA#v=snippet&q=endocytosis&f=false|title=Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications: Microbial Ecology|last=Bertrand|first=Jean-Claude|last2=Caumette|first2=Pierre|last3=Lebaron|first3=Philippe|last4=Matheron|first4=Robert|last5=Normand|first5=Philippe|last6=Sime-Ngando|first6=Télesphore|date=2015-01-26|publisher=Springer|isbn=9789401791182|language=en}}</ref> Historically, the protozoa were regarded as "one-celled animals," because they often possess [[animal]]-like behaviors, such as [[motility]] and [[predation]], and lack a cell wall, as found in plants and many [[algae]].<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=RawZTwEACAAJ&dq=brock+biology+of+microorganisms+13th&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiLoNGVifzZAhWxrFkKHWfkDG0Q6AEIKTAA|title=Brock Biology of Microorganisms|last=Madigan|first=Michael T.|date=2012|publisher=Benjamin Cummings|isbn=9780321649638|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8325/|title=Protozoa: Structure, Classification, Growth, and Development|last=Yaeger|first=Robert G.|date=1996|website=NCBI|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-03-23}}</ref> Although the traditional practice of grouping of protozoa with animals is no longer considered valid, the term continues to be used in a loose way to identify single-celled organisms that can move independently and feed by [[Heterotroph|heterotrophy]].
   
 
In some systems of biological classification, '''Protozoa''' is a high-level [[Taxon|taxonomic group]]. When first introduced in 1818, Protozoa was erected as a [[Taxonomy (biology)|taxonomic]] [[Class (biology)|class]] ,<ref name=":2">{{Cite book|title=Handbuch der Zoologie|last=Goldfuss|first=Georg August|publisher=J. L. Schrag|year=1820|isbn=|location=Nuremberg|pages=11–16}}</ref> but in later classification schemes it was elevated to a variety of higher ranks, including [[Phylum (biology)|phylum]], [[Subkingdom (biology)|subkingdom]] and [[Kingdom (biology)|kingdom]]. In a series of classifications proposed by [[Thomas Cavalier-Smith]] and his collaborators since 1981, Protozoa has been ranked as a kingdom.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Cavalier-Smith|first=T.|date=1981|title=Eukaryote kingdoms: seven or nine?|journal=Bio Systems|volume=14|issue=3-4|pages=461–481|doi=10.1016/0303-2647(81)90050-2|issn=0303-2647|pmid=7337818}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Cavalier-Smith|first=T.|date=Dec 1993|title=Kingdom protozoa and its 18 phyla|journal=Microbiological Reviews|volume=57|issue=4|pages=953–994|issn=0146-0749|pmc=372943|pmid=8302218}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Cavalier-Smith|first=Thomas|date=23 June 2010|title=Kingdoms Protozoa and Chromista and the eozoan root of the eukaryotic tree|url=http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/6/3/342|journal=Biology Letters|volume=6|issue=3|pages=342–345|doi=10.1098/rsbl.2009.0948|issn=1744-9561|pmc=2880060|pmid=20031978}}</ref> The seven-kingdom scheme presented by Ruggiero et al. in 2015, places eight phyla under Kingdom Protozoa: [[Euglenozoa]], [[Amoebozoa]], [[Metamonada]], [[Choanozoa]], [[Loukozoa]], [[Percolozoa]], [[Microsporidia]] and [[Sulcozoa]].<ref name=":1" /> Notably, this kingdom excludes several major groups of organisms traditionally placed among the protozoa, including the ciliates, [[Dinoflagellate|dinoflagellates]], [[foraminifera]], and the parasitic [[Apicomplexa|apicomplexans]], all of which are classified under Kingdom [[Chromista]]. Kingdom Protozoa, as defined in this scheme, does not form a natural group or [[clade]], but a [[Paraphyly|paraphyletic]] group or [[evolutionary grade]], within which the members of Fungi, Animalia and Chromista are thought to have evolved.<ref name=":1" />
 
In some systems of biological classification, '''Protozoa''' is a high-level [[Taxon|taxonomic group]]. When first introduced in 1818, Protozoa was erected as a [[Taxonomy (biology)|taxonomic]] [[Class (biology)|class]] ,<ref name=":2">{{Cite book|title=Handbuch der Zoologie|last=Goldfuss|first=Georg August|publisher=J. L. Schrag|year=1820|isbn=|location=Nuremberg|pages=11–16}}</ref> but in later classification schemes it was elevated to a variety of higher ranks, including [[Phylum (biology)|phylum]], [[Subkingdom (biology)|subkingdom]] and [[Kingdom (biology)|kingdom]]. In a series of classifications proposed by [[Thomas Cavalier-Smith]] and his collaborators since 1981, Protozoa has been ranked as a kingdom.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Cavalier-Smith|first=T.|date=1981|title=Eukaryote kingdoms: seven or nine?|journal=Bio Systems|volume=14|issue=3-4|pages=461–481|doi=10.1016/0303-2647(81)90050-2|issn=0303-2647|pmid=7337818}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Cavalier-Smith|first=T.|date=Dec 1993|title=Kingdom protozoa and its 18 phyla|journal=Microbiological Reviews|volume=57|issue=4|pages=953–994|issn=0146-0749|pmc=372943|pmid=8302218}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Cavalier-Smith|first=Thomas|date=23 June 2010|title=Kingdoms Protozoa and Chromista and the eozoan root of the eukaryotic tree|url=http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/6/3/342|journal=Biology Letters|volume=6|issue=3|pages=342–345|doi=10.1098/rsbl.2009.0948|issn=1744-9561|pmc=2880060|pmid=20031978}}</ref> The seven-kingdom scheme presented by Ruggiero et al. in 2015, places eight phyla under Kingdom Protozoa: [[Euglenozoa]], [[Amoebozoa]], [[Metamonada]], [[Choanozoa]], [[Loukozoa]], [[Percolozoa]], [[Microsporidia]] and [[Sulcozoa]].<ref name=":1" /> Notably, this kingdom excludes several major groups of organisms traditionally placed among the protozoa, including the ciliates, [[Dinoflagellate|dinoflagellates]], [[foraminifera]], and the parasitic [[Apicomplexa|apicomplexans]], all of which are classified under Kingdom [[Chromista]]. Kingdom Protozoa, as defined in this scheme, does not form a natural group or [[clade]], but a [[Paraphyly|paraphyletic]] group or [[evolutionary grade]], within which the members of Fungi, Animalia and Chromista are thought to have evolved.<ref name=":1" />
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!Size in micrometres
 
!Size in micrometres
 
|-
 
|-
|''[[Plasmodium falciparum]]'' ([[malaria]] parasite, trophozoite phase)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.microbiologybook.org/parasitology/blood-malaria.htm|title=Blood and Tissue Protozoa|last=Ghaffar|first=Abdul|date=|website=Microbiology and Immunology On-Line|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=March 23, 2018}}</ref>
+
|''[[Plasmodium falciparum]]'' ([[malaria]] parasite, trophozoite phase)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.microbiologybook.org/parasitology/blood-malaria.htm|title=Blood and Tissue Protozoa|last=Ghaffar|first=Abdul|date=|website=Microbiology and Immunology On-Line|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-03-23}}</ref>
 
|1-2
 
|1-2
 
|-
 
|-
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|5-8
 
|5-8
 
|-
 
|-
|''[[Plasmodium falciparum]]'' (malaria parasite, gametocyte phase)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.microbiologybook.org/parasitology/blood-malaria.htm|title=Blood and Tissue Protozoa|last=Ghaffar|first=Abdul|date=|website=Microbiology and Immunology On-Line|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=March 23, 2018}}</ref>
+
|''[[Plasmodium falciparum]]'' (malaria parasite, gametocyte phase)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.microbiologybook.org/parasitology/blood-malaria.htm|title=Blood and Tissue Protozoa|last=Ghaffar|first=Abdul|date=|website=Microbiology and Immunology On-Line|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-03-23}}</ref>
 
|7-14
 
|7-14
 
|-
 
|-
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|15–60
 
|15–60
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Balantidium coli|''Balantidium coli'']] (parasitic ciliate)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www1.udel.edu/mls/dlehman/medt372/B-coli.html|title=Diagnostic Parasitology|last=Lehman|first=Don|date=|website=University of Delaware|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=March 23, 2018}}</ref>
+
|[[Balantidium coli|''Balantidium coli'']] (parasitic ciliate)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www1.udel.edu/mls/dlehman/medt372/B-coli.html|title=Diagnostic Parasitology|last=Lehman|first=Don|date=|website=University of Delaware|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-03-23}}</ref>
 
|50-100
 
|50-100
 
|-
 
|-
|''[[Paramecium caudatum]]'' (free-living ciliate)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://eol.org/pages/484358/overview|title=Paramecium caudatum|last=Taylor|first=Bruce|date=|website=Encyclopedia of Life|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=March 23, 2018}}</ref>
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|''[[Paramecium caudatum]]'' (free-living ciliate)<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://eol.org/pages/484358/overview|title=Paramecium caudatum|last=Taylor|first=Bruce|date=|website=Encyclopedia of Life|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-03-23}}</ref>
 
|120-330
 
|120-330
 
|-
 
|-
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|220–760
 
|220–760
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Noctiluca scintillans|''Noctiluca scintillans'']] (free-living [[dinoflagellate]])<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.imas.utas.edu.au/zooplankton/image-key/noctiluca-scintillans|title=Noctiluca scintillans|last=|first=|date=|website=University of Tasmania, Australia|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=March 23, 2018}}</ref>
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|[[Noctiluca scintillans|''Noctiluca scintillans'']] (free-living [[dinoflagellate]])<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.imas.utas.edu.au/zooplankton/image-key/noctiluca-scintillans|title=Noctiluca scintillans|last=|first=|date=|website=University of Tasmania, Australia|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-03-23}}</ref>
 
|700–2000
 
|700–2000
 
|-
 
|-
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By definition, all protozoans are [[Heterotroph|heterotrophic]], deriving nutrients from other organisms, either by ingesting them whole or consuming their organic remains and waste-products. Some protozoans take in food by [[phagocytosis]], engulfing organic particles with [[pseudopodia]] (as [[Amoeba|amoebae]] do), or taking in food through a specialized mouth-like aperture called a [[cytostome]]. Some protozoans take in food by [[osmotrophy]], absorbing dissolved nutrients through their [[Cell membrane|cell membranes]].
 
By definition, all protozoans are [[Heterotroph|heterotrophic]], deriving nutrients from other organisms, either by ingesting them whole or consuming their organic remains and waste-products. Some protozoans take in food by [[phagocytosis]], engulfing organic particles with [[pseudopodia]] (as [[Amoeba|amoebae]] do), or taking in food through a specialized mouth-like aperture called a [[cytostome]]. Some protozoans take in food by [[osmotrophy]], absorbing dissolved nutrients through their [[Cell membrane|cell membranes]].
   
Parasitic protozoans use a wide variety of feeding strategies, and some may change methods of feeding in different phases of their life cycle. For instance, the malaria parasite ''[[Plasmodium]]'' feeds by [[pinocytosis]] during its immature [[Apicomplexan life cycle|trophozoite]] stage of life (ring phase), but develops a dedicated feeding [[organelle]] (cytostome) as it matures within a host's red blood cell.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.tulane.edu/~wiser/malaria/fv.html|title=Biochemistry of Plasmodium|last=Wiser|first=Mark F.|date=|website=The Wiser Page|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=March 22, 2018}}</ref>
+
Parasitic protozoans use a wide variety of feeding strategies, and some may change methods of feeding in different phases of their life cycle. For instance, the malaria parasite ''[[Plasmodium]]'' feeds by [[pinocytosis]] during its immature [[Apicomplexan life cycle|trophozoite]] stage of life (ring phase), but develops a dedicated feeding [[organelle]] (cytostome) as it matures within a host's red blood cell.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.tulane.edu/~wiser/malaria/fv.html|title=Biochemistry of Plasmodium|last=Wiser|first=Mark F.|date=|website=The Wiser Page|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-03-22}}</ref>
   
 
[[File:Ameba_001.jpg|thumb|''[[Paramecium bursaria]]'', a ciliate which derives some of its nutrients from algal [[Endosymbiont|endosymbionts]] in the genus[[Chlorella]]]]
 
[[File:Ameba_001.jpg|thumb|''[[Paramecium bursaria]]'', a ciliate which derives some of its nutrients from algal [[Endosymbiont|endosymbionts]] in the genus[[Chlorella]]]]

Talk:David Hogg (activist)

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Semi-protected edit request on 1 April 2018

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{{edit semi-protected|David Hogg (activist)|answered=no}}
 
{{edit semi-protected|David Hogg (activist)|answered=no}}
 
David Hogg (by his own admission was not at the school at the time of the shooting) He stated on television media that he went from home to school to record the shooting incident. Please correct this discrepancy. [[Special:Contributions/2001:5B0:4FC5:31F8:698D:F1D8:B793:191E|2001:5B0:4FC5:31F8:698D:F1D8:B793:191E]] ([[User talk:2001:5B0:4FC5:31F8:698D:F1D8:B793:191E|talk]]) 06:27, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
David Hogg (by his own admission was not at the school at the time of the shooting) He stated on television media that he went from home to school to record the shooting incident. Please correct this discrepancy. [[Special:Contributions/2001:5B0:4FC5:31F8:698D:F1D8:B793:191E|2001:5B0:4FC5:31F8:698D:F1D8:B793:191E]] ([[User talk:2001:5B0:4FC5:31F8:698D:F1D8:B793:191E|talk]]) 06:27, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
:This is [http://www.politifact.com/florida/statements/2018/mar/27/blog-posting/david-hogg-not-school-during-shooting-s-fake-news/ an honest mistake.] He went to school again later that evening. People just assumed he meant earlier, because he didn't explicitly say it was later. But he was clearer in ''Vox''. [[User:InedibleHulk|InedibleHulk]] [[User_Talk:InedibleHulk|(talk)]] 07:03, [[April 1]], [[2018]] (UTC)
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:This is [http://www.politifact.com/florida/statements/2018/mar/27/blog-posting/david-hogg-not-school-during-shooting-s-fake-news/ an honest mistake.] He went to school again later (after leaving the shooting), around six. People just assumed he meant earlier, because he didn't explicitly say it was later. But he was clearer in ''Vox''. [[User:InedibleHulk|InedibleHulk]] [[User_Talk:InedibleHulk|(talk)]] 07:03, [[April 1]], [[2018]] (UTC)

Talk:12 Monkeys

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Arbitrary break for length

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:* Ignoring the RFC for the moment (as I see it, if it was to be closed now, it would close as no consensus, there are fair policy-based arguments from both sides), and what is exactly stated right now, the only justification to include the quote references to the film is stemming from this line in the WAF guideline: {{green|Otherwise, using brief quotation citations from the primary work can be helpful to source key or complex plot points}}. There is no "must" in there. That means that whether to include the quote refs should be left to local consensus, and it has been determined here that the two points of concern that you want to add refs for are not hard to understand directly from watching the film. You seem to be pushing a requirement that just isn't there, presently. The RFC ''might'' change that but again, speaking as an admin here (though involved) the best that that RFC could likely close right now is "no consensus" meaning no change in policy or guideline. --[[User:Masem|M<span style="font-variant: small-caps">asem</span>]] ([[User Talk:Masem|t]]) 18:22, 26 March 2018 (UTC)
 
:* Ignoring the RFC for the moment (as I see it, if it was to be closed now, it would close as no consensus, there are fair policy-based arguments from both sides), and what is exactly stated right now, the only justification to include the quote references to the film is stemming from this line in the WAF guideline: {{green|Otherwise, using brief quotation citations from the primary work can be helpful to source key or complex plot points}}. There is no "must" in there. That means that whether to include the quote refs should be left to local consensus, and it has been determined here that the two points of concern that you want to add refs for are not hard to understand directly from watching the film. You seem to be pushing a requirement that just isn't there, presently. The RFC ''might'' change that but again, speaking as an admin here (though involved) the best that that RFC could likely close right now is "no consensus" meaning no change in policy or guideline. --[[User:Masem|M<span style="font-variant: small-caps">asem</span>]] ([[User Talk:Masem|t]]) 18:22, 26 March 2018 (UTC)
:::{{tq|i=y|There is no "must" in there. That means that whether to include the quote refs should be left to local consensus}} My point was never that it ''must'' be included, my point was that its inclusion is supported by policy ("'''cite passages to describe the plot'''") and guideline ("'''using brief quotation citations from the primary work can be helpful'''"), and your revert reasons and talk page arguments (as outlined in the handy-dandy table above) are not backed by policies or guidelines. "You don't have consensus" is not a reason ''in and of itself'' to remove material from Wikipedia. [[WP:CONSENSUS|Consensus]] is the process and decision that is made by "'''an effort to incorporate all editors' legitimate concerns, while respecting Wikipedia's policies and guidelines. Consensus is ascertained by the quality of the arguments given on the various sides of an issue, as viewed through the lens of Wikipedia policy.'''". None of your arguments had anything to do with Wikipedia policies or voiced any valid concerns over the issue. You have "consensus" by mob rule here, not by Wikipedia policies or guidelines or legitimate concerns. [[User:TheOldJacobite|TheOldJacobite]] decided the references are "not needed" and everyone tagged along to that argument, straying here and there to the other four invalid arguments. That's not consensus. [[User talk:BrightR|Bright☀]] 07:04, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
+
:::{{tq|i=y|There is no "must" in there. That means that whether to include the quote refs should be left to local consensus}} My point was never that it ''must'' be included, my point was that its inclusion is supported by policy ("'''cite passages to describe the plot'''") and guideline ("'''using brief quotation citations from the primary work can be helpful'''"), and your revert reasons and talk page arguments (as outlined in the handy-dandy table above) are not backed by policies or guidelines. "You don't have consensus" is not a reason ''in and of itself'' to remove material from Wikipedia. [[WP:CONSENSUS|Consensus]] is the process and decision that is made by "'''an effort to incorporate all editors' legitimate concerns, while respecting Wikipedia's policies and guidelines. Consensus is ascertained by the quality of the arguments given on the various sides of an issue, as viewed through the lens of Wikipedia policy.'''" None of your arguments had anything to do with Wikipedia policies or voiced any valid concerns over the issue. You have "consensus" by mob rule here, not by Wikipedia policies or guidelines or legitimate concerns. [[User:TheOldJacobite|TheOldJacobite]] decided the references are "not needed" and everyone tagged along to that argument, straying here and there to the other four invalid arguments. That's not consensus. [[User talk:BrightR|Bright☀]] 07:04, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
   
 
===RfC===
 
===RfC===

Fecal sludge

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Changed redirect target from Fecal sludge management to Sewage sludge

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#redirect[[Fecal sludge management]]
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#redirect[[sewage sludge]]

Diana (Paul Anka song)

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Added category and navbox.

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{{Paul Anka}}
 
{{Paul Anka}}
  +
{{Bobby Rydell}}
 
{{Ol' 55 (band)}}
 
{{Ol' 55 (band)}}
 
{{UK best-selling singles (by year) 1952–1969}}
 
{{UK best-selling singles (by year) 1952–1969}}
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[[Category:UK Singles Chart number-one singles]]
 
[[Category:UK Singles Chart number-one singles]]
 
[[Category:Paul Anka songs]]
 
[[Category:Paul Anka songs]]
  +
[[Category:Bobby Rydell songs]]
 
[[Category:Ol' 55 (band) songs]]
 
[[Category:Ol' 55 (band) songs]]
 
[[Category:Songs written by Paul Anka]]
 
[[Category:Songs written by Paul Anka]]

User:Copper Dreamer/Kaczerginski

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Legacy: Fix

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== Legacy ==
 
== Legacy ==
 
Kaczerginski's death shocked the Yiddish-speaking world; to [[Chaim Grade]], his loss marked "the inescapable end of the Old World Yiddish cultural community, already decimated and dispersed".{{sfn|Werb|2014|p=35}} Sutzkever, having heard of the accident in Tel Aviv, simply telegrammed the Kaczerginski family "mir viln nit gleybn nito kayn werter": "we will not believe, there are no words". Many years later Sutzkever wrote him a memorial poem, ''[[Mit shmerken, ven es brenen velder]]'' ("With Shmerke, when forests are burning"){{sfn|Werb|2014|p=36}}
 
Kaczerginski's death shocked the Yiddish-speaking world; to [[Chaim Grade]], his loss marked "the inescapable end of the Old World Yiddish cultural community, already decimated and dispersed".{{sfn|Werb|2014|p=35}} Sutzkever, having heard of the accident in Tel Aviv, simply telegrammed the Kaczerginski family "mir viln nit gleybn nito kayn werter": "we will not believe, there are no words". Many years later Sutzkever wrote him a memorial poem, ''[[Mit shmerken, ven es brenen velder]]'' ("With Shmerke, when forests are burning"){{sfn|Werb|2014|p=36}}
  +
  +
Kaczerginski himself has become "largely anonymous", and is little known outside of Yiddish language circles despite the tremendous and enduring popularity of many of his songs.{{sfn|Werb|2008|p=35}}{{sfn|Dawidowicz|2008|p=123}} Despite this, he is considered to have been tremendously influential: having collected over 250 Holocaust songs during his time as a Partisan, poet and writer, his songbooks are the source of the majority of surviving pieces of the genre.{{sfn|Duhl|1999|p=119}}
   
 
== References ==
 
== References ==

Lex rei sitae

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Typo

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{{Italic title}}
 
{{Italic title}}
   
LEX REI SITCE: "...real estate or immovable property is exclusively subject to the laws of the government within whose territory it is situated.".<ref>''Peet v. Peet,''
+
LEX REI SITAE: "...real estate or immovable property is exclusively subject to the laws of the government within whose territory it is situated.".<ref>''Peet v. Peet,''
 
229 Ill.341, 348-349, 82 N.E.376, 378; 1907 Ill. LEXIS 3126, 0</ref><ref>US Legal.Com - Lex Rei Sitae Law and Legal Definition</ref>
 
229 Ill.341, 348-349, 82 N.E.376, 378; 1907 Ill. LEXIS 3126, 0</ref><ref>US Legal.Com - Lex Rei Sitae Law and Legal Definition</ref>
   

English grammar

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

The hyphenation was correct

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'''English grammar''' is the way in which meanings are encoded into wordings in the [[English language]]. This includes the structure of [[words]], [[phrases]], [[clauses]], and [[Sentence (linguistics)|sentences]], right up to the structure of whole texts.
 
'''English grammar''' is the way in which meanings are encoded into wordings in the [[English language]]. This includes the structure of [[words]], [[phrases]], [[clauses]], and [[Sentence (linguistics)|sentences]], right up to the structure of whole texts.
   
There are historical, social, cultural and regional variations of English. Divergences from the [[grammar]] described here occur in some [[List of dialects of the English language|dialects of English]]. This article describes a generalized present - day [[Standard English]], the form of speech and writing found in types of public discourse including broadcasting, education, entertainment, government, and news including both formal and informal speech. There are differences in grammar between the standard forms of [[British English|British]], [[American English|American]], and [[Australian English]], although these are minor compared with the differences in [[lexicon|vocabulary]] and [[English phonology|pronunciation]].
+
There are historical, social, cultural and regional variations of English. Divergences from the [[grammar]] described here occur in some [[List of dialects of the English language|dialects of English]]. This article describes a generalized [[present-day]] [[Standard English]], the form of speech and writing found in types of public discourse including broadcasting, education, entertainment, government, and news including both formal and informal speech. There are differences in grammar between the standard forms of [[British English|British]], [[American English|American]], and [[Australian English]], although these are minor compared with the differences in [[lexicon|vocabulary]] and [[English phonology|pronunciation]].
   
 
[[Modern English]] has largely abandoned the inflectional [[grammatical case|case system]] of Indo-European in favor of [[analytic language|analytic]] constructions. The [[personal pronoun]]s of Modern English retain morphological case more strongly than any other word class (a remnant of the more extensive [[Old English declension|case system of Old English]]). For other pronouns, and all nouns, adjectives, and articles, grammatical function is indicated only by [[word order]], by [[preposition]]s, and by the "[[Saxon genitive]]" (''-'s'').<ref name="Huddleston phrasal genitive">{{Cite book|quote=We conclude that both head and phrasal genitives involve case inflection. With head genitives it is always a noun that inflects, while the phrasal genitive can apply to words of most classes. |pages=479–481|chapter= Nouns and noun phrases |last1=Payne|first1= John |last2=Huddleston |first2= Rodney |author-link2=Rodney Huddleston |editor1-last=Huddleston |editor1-first=Rodney |editor1-link=Rodney Huddleston |editor2-last= Pullum |editor2-first= Geoffrey |editor2-link=Geoffrey Pullum |title=The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language |year=2002 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge; New York |isbn=0-521-43146-8}}</ref>
 
[[Modern English]] has largely abandoned the inflectional [[grammatical case|case system]] of Indo-European in favor of [[analytic language|analytic]] constructions. The [[personal pronoun]]s of Modern English retain morphological case more strongly than any other word class (a remnant of the more extensive [[Old English declension|case system of Old English]]). For other pronouns, and all nouns, adjectives, and articles, grammatical function is indicated only by [[word order]], by [[preposition]]s, and by the "[[Saxon genitive]]" (''-'s'').<ref name="Huddleston phrasal genitive">{{Cite book|quote=We conclude that both head and phrasal genitives involve case inflection. With head genitives it is always a noun that inflects, while the phrasal genitive can apply to words of most classes. |pages=479–481|chapter= Nouns and noun phrases |last1=Payne|first1= John |last2=Huddleston |first2= Rodney |author-link2=Rodney Huddleston |editor1-last=Huddleston |editor1-first=Rodney |editor1-link=Rodney Huddleston |editor2-last= Pullum |editor2-first= Geoffrey |editor2-link=Geoffrey Pullum |title=The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language |year=2002 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge; New York |isbn=0-521-43146-8}}</ref>

Used coffee grounds

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

← Previous revision Revision as of 07:05, 1 April 2018
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'''Used coffee grounds''' are the waste product from brewing [[coffee]].
 
'''Used coffee grounds''' are the waste product from brewing [[coffee]].
 
In the late 19th century, used coffee grounds were used to adulterate pure coffee.<ref>Pendergrast, Mark ''"Uncommon grounds : the history of coffee and how it transformed our world"'' 2010 Basic Books. {{ISBN|978-0-465-02404-9}}</ref>
 
In the late 19th century, used coffee grounds were used to adulterate pure coffee.<ref>Pendergrast, Mark ''"Uncommon grounds : the history of coffee and how it transformed our world"'' 2010 Basic Books. {{ISBN|978-0-465-02404-9}}</ref>
In gardens, coffee grounds may be used for [[compost]]ing or as a [[mulch]]<ref name="huffpostsomething">{{cite web | url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/hometalk/7-astonishing-ways-hometa_b_5632711.html | title=Don't Throw Out Your Leftover Coffee Grounds! | publisher=Huffington Post | date=4 August 2014 | accessdate=25 December 2014}}</ref> as they are known to slowly release nitrogen into the soil. The [https://medium.com/@OliviaTJoyce/6-reasons-that-coffee-grounds-are-a-miracle-for-your-garden-82f04bae625 coffee grounds are rich] in potassium, magnesium and phosphorus. They are especially appreciated by [[worm]]s and [[Soil pH#Examples of plant preferences|acid-loving plants]] such as [[blueberries]].<ref>{{Cite book |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=N6sx5-OM_psC&pg=PA86 |title=The Rodale book of composting |editor1-last=Martin |editor2-last=Gershuny |chapter=Coffee wastes |page=86 |isbn=978-0-87857-991-4 |year=1992 |publisher=Rodale Press |location=Emmaus, PA |accessdate=January 5, 2010 |editor1-first=Deborah L |editor2-first=Grace}}</ref> Gardeners have reported the use of used coffee grounds as a slug and snail repellent,<ref name="huffpostsomething"/><ref name="northcoastgardening">{{cite web | url=http://www.times-standard.com/lifestyle/20141224/north-coast-gardening-winter-vegetable-growing | title=NORTH COAST GARDENING: Winter vegetable growing | publisher=Eureka Times-Standard | date=24 December 2014 | accessdate=25 December 2014}}</ref> but this has not yet been scientifically tested. Some commercial coffee shops run initiatives to prevent the grounds from going to waste, including [[Starbucks]]' "Grounds for your Garden" project,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://news.starbucks.com/news/starbucks-coffee-grounds-for-the-garden |title=Coffee for Your Plants? Starbucks Offers Free Coffee Grounds for Gardeners |publisher=Starbucks.com |accessdate=December 13, 2015}}</ref> and community sponsored initiatives exist, such as "Ground to Ground".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://groundtoground.org/about/ |title=About Us &#124; Coffee Grounds to Ground |publisher=Groundtoground.org |accessdate=October 26, 2011}}</ref>
+
In gardens, coffee grounds may be used for [[compost]]ing or as a [[mulch]]<ref name="huffpostsomething">{{cite web | url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/hometalk/7-astonishing-ways-hometa_b_5632711.html | title=Don't Throw Out Your Leftover Coffee Grounds! | publisher=Huffington Post | date=4 August 2014 | accessdate=25 December 2014}}</ref> as they are known to slowly release nitrogen into the soil. The [https://medium.com/@OliviaTJoyce/6-reasons-that-coffee-grounds-are-a-miracle-for-your-garden-82f04bae625 coffee grounds are rich] in potassium, magnesium and phosphorus. They are especially appreciated by [[worm]]s and [[Soil pH#Examples of plant preferences|acid-loving plants]] such as [[blueberries]],<ref>{{Cite book |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=N6sx5-OM_psC&pg=PA86 |title=The Rodale book of composting |editor1-last=Martin |editor2-last=Gershuny |chapter=Coffee wastes |page=86 |isbn=978-0-87857-991-4 |year=1992 |publisher=Rodale Press |location=Emmaus, PA |accessdate=January 5, 2010 |editor1-first=Deborah L |editor2-first=Grace}}</ref> although due to acids being leached from the grounds while in use, they typically have a neutral pH. Used coffee grounds are particularly noted as a [[soil amendment]].<ref>{{cite news|title=Coffee Grounds Perk up Compost Pile With Nitrogen|url=http://today.oregonstate.edu/archives/2008/jul/coffee-grounds-perk-compost-pile-nitrogen|accessdate=1 April 2018|work=Life at OSU|date=10 June 2009|language=en}}</ref> Gardeners have reported the use of used coffee grounds as a slug and snail repellent,<ref name="huffpostsomething"/><ref name="northcoastgardening">{{cite web | url=http://www.times-standard.com/lifestyle/20141224/north-coast-gardening-winter-vegetable-growing | title=NORTH COAST GARDENING: Winter vegetable growing | publisher=Eureka Times-Standard | date=24 December 2014 | accessdate=25 December 2014}}</ref> but this has not yet been scientifically tested. Some commercial coffee shops run initiatives to prevent the grounds from going to waste, including [[Starbucks]]' "Grounds for your Garden" project,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://news.starbucks.com/news/starbucks-coffee-grounds-for-the-garden |title=Coffee for Your Plants? Starbucks Offers Free Coffee Grounds for Gardeners |publisher=Starbucks.com |accessdate=December 13, 2015}}</ref> and community sponsored initiatives exist, such as "Ground to Ground".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://groundtoground.org/about/ |title=About Us &#124; Coffee Grounds to Ground |publisher=Groundtoground.org |accessdate=October 26, 2011}}</ref>
   
 
Initiatives succeed using coffee grounds as a [[Substrate (biology)|substrate]] for the cultivation of [[Pleurotus ostreatus|oyster mushrooms]].<ref>{{nl}} [http://www.hln.be/hln/nl/39/Lekker-Eten/article/detail/2362901/2015/06/18/Zelf-oesterzwammen-kweken-op-basis-van-koffiegruis-Zo-doe-je-dat.dhtml Zelf oesterzwammen kweken op basis van ... koffiegruis?]</ref><ref>{{nl}} [http://www.permafungi.be/?lang=nl Oesterzwammen en koffiedik?]</ref>
 
Initiatives succeed using coffee grounds as a [[Substrate (biology)|substrate]] for the cultivation of [[Pleurotus ostreatus|oyster mushrooms]].<ref>{{nl}} [http://www.hln.be/hln/nl/39/Lekker-Eten/article/detail/2362901/2015/06/18/Zelf-oesterzwammen-kweken-op-basis-van-koffiegruis-Zo-doe-je-dat.dhtml Zelf oesterzwammen kweken op basis van ... koffiegruis?]</ref><ref>{{nl}} [http://www.permafungi.be/?lang=nl Oesterzwammen en koffiedik?]</ref>

Template talk:ArbCom Arab-Israeli editnotice

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Awareness: re

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{{u|Callanecc}}: how does the recent ArbCom motion on page level discretionary sanctions awareness impact this. The documentation was [https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template%3AArbCom_Arab-Israeli_editnotice%2Fdoc&type=revision&diff=828578406&oldid=700429710 updated] recently by someone other than a committee member. The ARBPIA 1RR general prohibition is not a discretionary sanction, but a sanction directly authorized by the committee in it's ruling, so the page level sanction awareness criteria might be a bit unclear as to if it applies to this in addition to DS.{{pb}}I'm asking mainly because if you go through [[WP:AELOG/2018]] and [[WP:AELOG/2017]], you'll see a fair amount of ECP pages that do not also have an edit notice, which would pose a problem considering that 1RR in theory are the exact same as those that are under 500/30. As an example [[Nabih Berri]], a page you put under ECP, doesn't have the notice, and there are others put under ECP as AE actions by current arbs (obviously in their individual capacities as admins, but still, it shows how easy it is to forget the thing...) [[User:TonyBallioni|TonyBallioni]] ([[User talk:TonyBallioni|talk]]) 00:50, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
{{u|Callanecc}}: how does the recent ArbCom motion on page level discretionary sanctions awareness impact this. The documentation was [https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template%3AArbCom_Arab-Israeli_editnotice%2Fdoc&type=revision&diff=828578406&oldid=700429710 updated] recently by someone other than a committee member. The ARBPIA 1RR general prohibition is not a discretionary sanction, but a sanction directly authorized by the committee in it's ruling, so the page level sanction awareness criteria might be a bit unclear as to if it applies to this in addition to DS.{{pb}}I'm asking mainly because if you go through [[WP:AELOG/2018]] and [[WP:AELOG/2017]], you'll see a fair amount of ECP pages that do not also have an edit notice, which would pose a problem considering that 1RR in theory are the exact same as those that are under 500/30. As an example [[Nabih Berri]], a page you put under ECP, doesn't have the notice, and there are others put under ECP as AE actions by current arbs (obviously in their individual capacities as admins, but still, it shows how easy it is to forget the thing...) [[User:TonyBallioni|TonyBallioni]] ([[User talk:TonyBallioni|talk]]) 00:50, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
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:{{re|TonyBallioni}} You're correct that the new awareness criteria don't apply to sanctions directly imposed by the Committee (ie this 1RR). I'd probably also argue that, while technically covered by the awareness criteria, an edit notice is redundant when applying page protection as a discretionary sanction. <b>[[User:Callanecc|Callanecc]]</b> ([[User talk:Callanecc|talk]] • [[Special:Contributions/Callanecc|contribs]] • [[Special:Log/Callanecc|logs]]) 07:05, 1 April 2018 (UTC)

User talk:Piotrus

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film Files: details

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Cześć, Piotrus!<br/>
 
Cześć, Piotrus!<br/>
I've just run into two files created by you ([https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Countries_ordered_by_number_of_Academy_Award_winners_and_nominees_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film.png] and [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Academy_Award_winners_and_nominees_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film#/media/File:Countries_ordered_by_number_of_Academy_Award_nominees_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film.png]). They are really great, but unfortunately there are two problems with them:
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I've just run into two files created by you ([https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Countries_ordered_by_number_of_Academy_Award_winners_and_nominees_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film.png] and [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Countries_ordered_by_number_of_Academy_Award_nominees_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film.png]). They are great, but unfortunately there are some problems with them:
* The numbers of Italian, French and Japanese nominees and submissions:
+
* First File: The numbers of Italian, French and Japanese nominees and submissions:
 
** Between 1956 and 2017 (except 1973), Italy submitted '''61''' films (not *64: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Italian_submissions_for_the_Academy_Award_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film), and had '''28''' nominees (not *31. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States —Italy won 2 Special Awards in 1947 and 1949, and 1 Honorary Award in 1950, shared with France—, but those awards <u>were not competitive, as there were no nominees but simply a winner every year that was voted on by the Board of Governors of the Academy</u>).
 
** Between 1956 and 2017 (except 1973), Italy submitted '''61''' films (not *64: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Italian_submissions_for_the_Academy_Award_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film), and had '''28''' nominees (not *31. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States —Italy won 2 Special Awards in 1947 and 1949, and 1 Honorary Award in 1950, shared with France—, but those awards <u>were not competitive, as there were no nominees but simply a winner every year that was voted on by the Board of Governors of the Academy</u>).
 
** Between 1956 and 2017, France submitted '''62''' films (not *64: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_French_submissions_for_the_Academy_Award_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film), and had '''37''' nominees (not *39. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States —France won 1 Special Award in 1948, and 2 Honorary Awards in 1950, shared with Italy, and 1952—, but those awards <u>were not competitive, as there were no nominees but simply a winner every year that was voted on by the Board of Governors of the Academy</u>).
 
** Between 1956 and 2017, France submitted '''62''' films (not *64: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_French_submissions_for_the_Academy_Award_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film), and had '''37''' nominees (not *39. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States —France won 1 Special Award in 1948, and 2 Honorary Awards in 1950, shared with Italy, and 1952—, but those awards <u>were not competitive, as there were no nominees but simply a winner every year that was voted on by the Board of Governors of the Academy</u>).
 
** Between 1956 and 2017 (except 1976), Japan submitted '''61''' films (not *64: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Japanese_submissions_for_the_Academy_Award_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film), and had '''12''' nominees (not *15. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States —Japan won 3 Honorary Awards in 1951, 1954 and 1955—, but those awards <u>were not competitive, as there were no nominees but simply a winner every year that was voted on by the Board of Governors of the Academy</u>).
 
** Between 1956 and 2017 (except 1976), Japan submitted '''61''' films (not *64: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Japanese_submissions_for_the_Academy_Award_for_Best_Foreign_Language_Film), and had '''12''' nominees (not *15. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States —Japan won 3 Honorary Awards in 1951, 1954 and 1955—, but those awards <u>were not competitive, as there were no nominees but simply a winner every year that was voted on by the Board of Governors of the Academy</u>).
* Spelling: The name of the country is Nicara'''g'''ua (not *Nicaraua).
 
  +
** Taiwan flag: Why the [[Chinese Taipei Olympic flag]] instead of the official [[Flag of the Republic of China]]?
That is all. Best wishes! [[User:Alpinu|Alpinu]] ([[User talk:Alpinu|talk]]) 01:18, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
 
  +
* Second File: The name of the country is Nicara'''g'''ua (not *Nicaraua).
  +
That is all. Happy Easter. Best wishes! [[User:Alpinu|Alpinu]] ([[User talk:Alpinu|talk]]) 01:18, 1 April 2018 (UTC)

Master of Puppets (song)

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Reverted 1 edit by 63.119.245.239 (talk): Unsourced trivia. (TW)

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* Different sections of the song—notably the opening riff and the ending "wail" of Kirk Hammett's solo—were played during a commercial for the 2010 running of the [[Daytona 500]], and commercials promoting the [[Nationwide Series]] and [[NASCAR]] on [[ESPN]].
 
* Different sections of the song—notably the opening riff and the ending "wail" of Kirk Hammett's solo—were played during a commercial for the 2010 running of the [[Daytona 500]], and commercials promoting the [[Nationwide Series]] and [[NASCAR]] on [[ESPN]].
 
* The repetition of the word "Master! Master!" in the end of the chorus is used to introduce the fictional advertiser Aviv Shalem on the Israeli satiric show Comeback (Comedy Central).
 
* The repetition of the word "Master! Master!" in the end of the chorus is used to introduce the fictional advertiser Aviv Shalem on the Israeli satiric show Comeback (Comedy Central).
* The portion of the song "Obey your Master! Master!" is frequently used as a drop to reference [[Brian Cashman]] of the [[New York Yankees]] on [[WFAN]] and [[CBS Sports Network]] morning show [[Boomer and Gio]], often to the chagrin of [[Boomer Esiason]]
 
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Talk:Dipole antenna

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

Introduction: "monopole antenna" is a misnomer?: Edited my last

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I am concerned about these sentences recently added to the introduction:
 
I am concerned about these sentences recently added to the introduction:
 
:"''However "monopole" is somewhat of a misnomer since the source exciting far-field radiation can only be an oscillating electric dipole (or magnetic dipole), never a higher multipole order (quadrupole, octupole, etc.) nor a monopole (isolated positive or negative charge). The feedline injects an equal and opposite current into the ground (or ground plane) as it supplies to the radiating element, resulting in fields and currents at and above ground of the same form as for a dipole with two such elements opposite each other.''"
 
:"''However "monopole" is somewhat of a misnomer since the source exciting far-field radiation can only be an oscillating electric dipole (or magnetic dipole), never a higher multipole order (quadrupole, octupole, etc.) nor a monopole (isolated positive or negative charge). The feedline injects an equal and opposite current into the ground (or ground plane) as it supplies to the radiating element, resulting in fields and currents at and above ground of the same form as for a dipole with two such elements opposite each other.''"
I wouldn't mind this issue noted briefly in the body of the article, but it shouldn't be in the introduction, this technical digression will just confuse general readers ([[WP:EXPLAINLEAD]], [[MOS:JARGON]], [[WP:SURPRISE]]). It is unnecessary; any reader who knows what monopole, dipole, and quadrupole radiation is already knows that EM waves are dipole radiation and how a monopole antenna works. I particularly object to calling the term "monopole antenna" a "misnomer"; the adjective "monopole" modifies "antenna", and simply refers to its single driven element. No antenna text that I can find calls it a "misnomer". The single supporting citation given ([https://books.google.com/books?id=hHC5FTZMSRkC&pg=PA123&lpg=PA123&dq=Monopole+antenna+misnomer&source=bl&ots=AwpoDt7pRq&sig=Y1N_HsTbOFQJqoqUyM8BYUs2KeA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjvzpuD-pfaAhVB6mMKHb7iBBwQ6AEIXDAJ#v=onepage&q=Monopole%20antenna%20misnomer&f=false Pfaff]) does not support it. The source is not calling all monopole antennas a misnomer, it is specifically referring to a monopole antenna on a spacecraft. It is saying that the body of the spacecraft is too small to act as an adequate ground plane, so "''...the spacecraft body effectively acts as the second element of a dipole''", it acts as a radiator, its potential oscillating 180° out of phase with the monopole element. Obviously does not apply to monopoles with adequately sized ground planes. --[[User:Chetvorno|Chetvorno]]<sup><small>[[User talk:Chetvorno|<i style="color: Purple;">TALK</i>]]</small></sup> 03:16, 1 April 2018 (UTC)
+
I wouldn't mind this issue noted briefly in the body of the article, but it shouldn't be in the introduction, this technical digression will just confuse general readers ([[WP:EXPLAINLEAD]], [[MOS:JARGON]], [[WP:SURPRISE]]). It is unnecessary; any reader who knows what monopole, dipole, and quadrupole radiation is already knows that EM waves are dipole radiation and how a monopole antenna works. I particularly object to calling the term "monopole antenna" a "misnomer"; the adjective "monopole" modifies "antenna", and simply refers to its single driven element. No antenna text that I can find calls it a "misnomer". The single supporting citation given ([https://books.google.com/books?id=hHC5FTZMSRkC&pg=PA123&lpg=PA123&dq=Monopole+antenna+misnomer&source=bl&ots=AwpoDt7pRq&sig=Y1N_HsTbOFQJqoqUyM8BYUs2KeA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjvzpuD-pfaAhVB6mMKHb7iBBwQ6AEIXDAJ#v=onepage&q=Monopole%20antenna%20misnomer&f=false Pfaff]) does not support it. The Pfaff source is not calling all monopole antennas a misnomer, it is specifically referring to a monopole antenna on a spacecraft. It is saying that the body of the spacecraft is too small to act as an adequate ground plane, so "''...the spacecraft body effectively acts as the second element of a dipole''", it acts as a radiator, its potential oscillating 180° out of phase with the monopole element. Obviously does not apply to monopoles with adequately sized ground planes. --[[User:Chetvorno|Chetvorno]]<sup><small>[[User talk:Chetvorno|<i style="color: Purple;">TALK</i>]]</small></sup> 03:16, 1 April 2018 (UTC)

Zaan khan

Posted: 01 Apr 2018 12:05 AM PDT

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{{Use dmy dates|date=June 2015}}
 
{{Use dmy dates|date=June 2015}}
   
{{Infobox Indian Actor|name=Zaan Khan|background=Actor|image=|birth_date={{Birth date and age|2001|01|01|df=y}}|years_active=2014–present|Origin=[[Mumbai]], [[India]]|Genre=[[Film score]]|Occupation=[[Actor]]}}
 
  +
'''Zaan Khan''' is an [[Indian people|Indian]] actor. Born in [[New Delhi]], he started his career through Naamkaran
'''Zaan Khan''' is an [[Indian people|Indian]] Actor. Born in [[New Delhi]], he star his career through Naamkaran
 
   
 
{{Use Indian English|date=June 2015}}
 
{{Use Indian English|date=June 2015}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=June 2015}}
+
{{Use dmy dates|date=June 2015}}
   
{{Infobox Indian Actor|name=Zaan Khan|background=Actor|image=|birth_date={{Birth date and age|2001|01|01|df=y}}|years_active=2014–present|Origin=[[Mumbai]], [[India]]|Genre=[[Film score]]|Occupation=[[Actor]]}}
 
  +
==References==
 
'''Zaan Khan''' is an [[Indian people|Indian]] Actor. Born in [[New Delhi|New]] he star his career through Naamkaran
 
 
 
 
 
References link
 
 
1)https://starsunfolded.com/zaan-khan/amp/
 
1)https://starsunfolded.com/zaan-khan/amp/
 
2)https://m.timesofindia.com/topic/Zaan-Khan/photos
 
2)https://m.timesofindia.com/topic/Zaan-Khan/photos