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Machine Speak: Left to Their Own Devices, Computers Can Figure It Out

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 11:30 AM PDT

Newswise imageUsing novel machine learning techniques, a research team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory is teaching electronic devices how to speak for themselves.

New High-Resolution Exascale Earth Modeling System for Energy

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 11:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageA new earth modeling system unveiled today will have weather-scale resolution and use advanced computers to simulate aspects of Earth's variability and anticipate decadal changes that will critically impact the U.S. energy sector in coming years.

Champions in Science: Profile of Andrew Mills, National Science Bowl(r) Champion

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageEach year, the DOE Office of Science writes profiles on past National Science Bowl(r) competitors. These features include memories of their high school adventures and information on their education and career accomplishments.

Neutrons Provide Insights into Increased Performance for Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageNeutron scattering at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has revealed, in real time, the fundamental mechanisms behind the conversion of sunlight into energy in hybrid perovskite materials. A better understanding of this behavior will enable manufacturers to design solar cells with significantly increased efficiency.

Liquid Cell Transmission Electron Microscopy Makes a Window Into the Nanoscale

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageFrom energy materials to disease diagnostics, new microscopy techniques can provide more nuanced insight. Researchers first need to understand the effects of radiation on samples, which is possible with a new device that holds tightly sealed liquid cell samples for transmission electron microscopy.

Gaming Research May Unlock Secrets of 'Flow'

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageAs an undergraduate, Tejaswini Yelamanchili used to spend hours a day playing video games like Counter-Strike and Age of Empires. Time would speed by - hours seemed like minutes - as she focused on the process of gaming. Now a graduate student at Missouri S&T, she's spending much of her time getting others into gaming as part of her research to better understand how the brain works when players are in the zone.

Nanoparticle Breakthrough Could Capture Unseen Light for Solar Energy Conversion

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 09:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageAn international team, led by Berkeley Lab scientists, has demonstrated a breakthrough in the design and function of nanoparticles that could make solar panels more efficient by converting light usually missed by solar cells into usable energy.

What Learning Looks Like in the Brain

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 09:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageUsing advanced imaging technology, researchers observe new patterns of molecular organization as connections between neurons strengthen during learning.

New High-Resolution Exascale Earth-Modeling System Announced for Energy

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 08:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageA new Earth-modeling system unveiled today will have weather-scale resolution and use advanced computers to simulate aspects of Earth's variability and anticipate decadal changes that will critically impact the U.S. energy sector in coming years.

Exploring Arctic Clues to Secure Future with New Sandia, University Partnership

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 08:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageThe Arctic is undergoing rapid change, with sea ice melting and temperatures rising at a faster pace than anywhere else in the world. Its changing environment affects global security, politics, the economy and the climate. Understanding these changes is crucial for shaping and safeguarding U.S. security in the future, Sandia scientists say. Sandia and the University of Alaska Fairbanks recently signed an umbrella Cooperative Research and Development Agreement to study these changes and partner on basic science, energy and security research in the Arctic.

Keeping Your Lawn Healthy Benefits You as Well

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 07:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageMany homeowners appreciate the springy feel of a healthy lawn. But what are the tricks to keeping your lawn healthy? The April 22nd Sustainable, Secure Food blog explains how to maintain your lawn, and where to find resources specific to your region.

A Better Fake Leather, Inspired by Plants

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 06:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageNature has inspired a coating for synthetic leather that repels oil and water--and keeps the material from getting sticky in the heat.

David Kaplan Wins 2018 Gemant Award from the American Institute of Physics

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 06:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageThe American Institute of Physics announced today that particle physicist and movie producer David Kaplan has won the 2018 Andrew Gemant Award, an annual prize recognizing contributions to the cultural, artistic and humanistic dimension of physics.

Why Freeloader Baby-Eating Ants Are Welcomed to the Colony

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 05:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageIt might seem surprising that a colony of ants would tolerate the type of guests that gobble both their grub and their babies. But new research shows there's likely a useful tradeoff to calmly accepting these parasite ants into the fold: They have weaponry that's effective against their host ants and a more menacing intruder ant.

Could Eating Moss Be Good for Your Gut?

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 04:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageAn international team of scientists including the University of Adelaide has discovered a new complex carbohydrate in moss that could possibly be exploited for health or other uses.

First Genetic Evidence of Ongoing Mating Between Two Distinct Species of Guenon Monkeys

Posted: 22 Apr 2018 11:00 PM PDT

Newswise imageA new study of guenon monkeys in Gombe National Park is the first to provide genetic evidence of ongoing mating between two distinct species. These monkeys have successfully been producing hybrid offspring for hundreds maybe even thousands of years. Prior studies have suggested that their different physical characteristics keeps them from interbreeding. So, if their faces don't match, they shouldn't be mating, right? Wrong, according to this latest evidence.

Human-like Walking Mechanics Evolved Before the Genus Homo

Posted: 22 Apr 2018 05:30 PM PDT

A close examination of 3.6 million year old hominin footprints discovered in Laetoli, Tanzania suggests our ancestors evolved the hallmark trait of extended leg, human-like bipedalism substantially earlier than previously thought.

Brainy New Approaches to Autism, Chronic Pain, Concussion and More

Posted: 22 Apr 2018 05:00 PM PDT

Technological advances have ushered in a new era of discovery in neuroscience. The Experimental Biology 2018 meeting (EB 2018) will feature an array of research findings on the brain and nervous system. The studies shed new light on the intricate circuitry behind our thought processes, feelings and behaviors and offer leads for both high-tech and low-tech treatment approaches.

Endangered Salamander Offers Clues on Healing Spinal Cord Injury

Posted: 22 Apr 2018 04:00 PM PDT

One of the most vexing problems with spinal cord injuries is that the human body does not rebuild nerves once they have been damaged. Other animals, on the other hand, seem to have no problem repairing broken neurons.

Four Innovations that Aim to Improve the Environment

Posted: 22 Apr 2018 02:30 PM PDT

The Experimental Biology 2018 meeting (EB 2018) will showcase exciting new research aimed at understanding contamination and improving the environment.