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A Game Changer: Protein Clustering Powered by Supercomputers

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 11:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageNew algorithm lets biologists harness massively parallel supercomputers to make sense of a protein "data deluge."

Americans Ramp Up Use of Solar and Wind Energy in 2017

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageAmericans used more solar and wind energy in 2017 compared to the previous year, according to the most recent energy flow charts released by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Overall, energy consumption by the residential and commercial sectors dropped a bit.

Future Wearable Device Could Tell How We Power Human Movement

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageFor athletes and weekend warriors alike, returning from a tendon injury too soon often ensures a trip right back to physical therapy. However, a new technology developed by University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers could one day help tell whether your tendons are ready for action.

Death of Great Barrier Reef: Environmental Engineer Available

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

How Your Brain Learns to Expect Mud Puddles in the Park (and Other Things)

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Updated expectations are vital for making decisions Your midbrain encodes the expectation error and relays it to the frontal lobe to revise Dopamine neurons are likely involved in encoding identity errors and new expectations in brain

Getting Electrons to Move in a Semiconductor

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 09:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageIn new experiments reported in Applied Physics Letters, researchers have shown that a wide-bandgap semiconductor called gallium oxide can be engineered into nanometer-scale structures that allow electrons to move much faster within the crystal structure. With electrons that move with such ease, Ga2O3 could be a promising material for applications such as high-frequency communication systems and energy-efficient power electronics.

The 'Missing Link' in Conducting Molecules, Butadiene -- Solved

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 09:00 AM PDT

Trans 1,3-butadiene, the smallest polyene, has challenged researchers over the past 40 years because of its complex excited-state electronic structure and its ultrafast dynamics. Butadiene remains the "missing link" between ethylene, which has only one double bond, and longer linear polyenes with three or more double bonds. Now, an experimental team has solved trans 1,3-butadiene's electronic-structural dynamics. The researchers recently reported their findings in The Journal of Chemical Physics.

Reconstructing What Makes Us Tick

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 09:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageA major issue that limits modeling to predict cardiac arrhythmia is that it is impossible to measure and monitor all the variables that make our hearts tick, but researchers have now developed an algorithm that uses artificial intelligence to model the electrical excitations in heart muscle. Their work, appearing in Chaos, draws on partial differential equations describing excitable media and echo state networks to cross-predict variables about chaotic electrical wave propagations in cardiac tissue.

What Should NASA's Priorities Be?

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 07:05 AM PDT

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Early Career Award Will Advance Research on Soil as Building Material

Posted: 24 Apr 2018 06:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageMichelle Bernhardt-Barry, assistant professor of civil engineering at the University of Arkansas, has received a $500,000 Faculty Early Career Development award from the National Science Foundation to expand her research on the use of soil as a 3D-printed building material.

NUS study: 'Genomic junk' of iron storage gene FTH1 critical for suppressing prostate cancer growth

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 08:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageResearchers from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore (CSI Singapore) at the National University of Singapore have found the role of the iron storage gene, FTH1, and its pseudogenes in regulating iron levels in cells and slowing down prostate cancer growth.

Wiping Out the Gut Microbiome Could Help with Heart Failure

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 03:30 PM PDT

The bacteria that reside on and within our bodies are known to have a significant influence on our health. New research suggests wiping out the gut microbiota could improve heart functioning and potentially slow the cardiac damage that occurs with heart failure.

April is Earth Month: The Green Jobs of the Future Start with Hands-on Learning

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 03:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageThe "Campus as a Living Lab" program uses the CSU itself to teach students real-world skills that are good for the planet and the future of California.

LLNL Maps Out Deployment of Carbon Capture and Sequestration for Ethanol Production

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 02:45 PM PDT

Newswise imageTo better understand the near-term commercial potential for capturing and storing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have mapped out how CO2 might be captured from existing U.S. ethanol biorefineries and permanently stored (or sequestered) underground.

Going with the Hypersonic Flow

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 02:45 PM PDT

Newswise imageArgonne researcher Alan Kastengren is using X-rays to delve deeply into complexity challenges related to supersonic combustion in hypersonic vehicles, one of the most complex flow problems in science. Working through Argonne's Advanced Photon Source and National Security Programs, he is helping clients like the Air Force Research Laboratory improve performance of the scramjet combustors that power hypersonic jets.

Studies Show Some Types of Life Can Survive Conditions Found on Mars

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 02:40 PM PDT

Researchers subject methanogens to simulated Mars conditions to determine if they could survive cold and low-pressure found in the subsurface.

A Simple Method Etches Patterns at the Atomic Scale

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 02:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageA precise chemical-free method for etching nanoscale features on silicon wafers has been developed by a team from Penn State and Southwest Jiaotong University and Tsinghua University in China.

Landmark Paper Finds Light at End of the Tunnel for World's Wildlife and Wild Places

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 01:40 PM PDT

Newswise imageA new WCS paper published in the journal BioScience finds that the enormous trends toward population stabilization, poverty alleviation, and urbanization are rewriting the future of biodiversity conservation in the 21st century, offering new hope for the world's wildlife and wild places.

A SLAC Legend Gives the Lab His Lifetime Collection of Precious Foils

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 01:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageScientists who conduct experiments at the Stanford Radiation Synchrotron Lightsource (SSRL) have received an unusual and highly valuable gift--a library of element calibration foils for a technique used to understand the structure of matter called X-ray absorption spectroscopy.

Applying Network Analysis to Natural History

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 01:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageBy using network analysis to search for communities of marine life in the fossil records of the Paleobiology Database, the team, including researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, was able to quantify the ecological impacts of major events like mass extinctions and may help us anticipate the consequences of a "sixth mass extinction."

Unraveling Genetic Mystery Next Step in Zika and Dengue Fight

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 01:00 PM PDT

Newswise imageHow a bacteria hijacked insect fertility remained a mystery for five decades, until Associate Professor of Biological Sciences Seth Bordenstein and his team helped solve it.

Scientists Use Rocket Scanner to Learn How Whales Hear

Posted: 23 Apr 2018 12:30 PM PDT

Researchers have used a scanner designed for rockets to collect the first-ever computed tomography (CT) scan of an entire minke whale. By combining the CT scan results with custom-developed computer simulation tools, the researchers model how the whales hear sounds produced by other whales or by human-created (anthropogenic) sources such as ship propellers.