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Study Shows Sea Turtle Nesting Beaches Threatened by Microplastic Pollution

Posted: 01 May 2018 12:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageTiny pieces of plastic could be jeopardizing sensitive sea turtle nesting environments.

A Souped-up Walker to Help Get Pediatric ICU Patients on Their Feet

Posted: 01 May 2018 11:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageAn undergraduate student design team is developing a walking system designed to get pediatric ICU patients up and moving as quickly as possible.

Two NYU Faculty Elected to National Academy of Sciences

Posted: 01 May 2018 10:05 AM PDT

Claude Desplan, a professor in NYU's Department of Biology, and Paula England, a professor in NYU's Department of Sociology, have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Ames Lab Takes the Guesswork Out of Discovering New High-Entropy Alloys

Posted: 01 May 2018 10:05 AM PDT

The U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has developed a method of computational analysis that can help predict the composition and properties of as-yet unmade high performance alloys.

GLUT5 Fluorescent Probe Fingerprints Cancer Cells

Posted: 01 May 2018 09:40 AM PDT

Newswise imageGetting the results of a cancer biopsy can take up to two weeks. What if it could happen in 10 minutes? In two new papers, a team of chemists and engineers from Michigan Technological University lay the groundwork for cancer detection and diagnostics based on a fluorescent GLUT5 probe. Documented in the new research, a cancer's type and malignancy changes the GLUT5 activity in a cell, creating a detectable "fingerprint" of cancer.

UF/IFAS Engineer to Lead Research Into Environmentally Induced Migration

Posted: 01 May 2018 09:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageThe Department of Defense wants to know as far in advance as possible when and where these mass migrations are likeliest to happen. That way, the federal government can know when and where to deploy military force and where to send humanitarian aid, as just two possible examples.

Scientists Find a New Way to Make Novel Materials by 'Un-Squeezing'

Posted: 01 May 2018 09:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageResearchers at the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have found a way to create the equivalent of negative pressure by mixing two materials together under just the right conditions to make an alloy with an airier and entirely different crystal structure and unique properties.

Quantum AI: Webcast to Explore the Intersection of Artificial Intelligence and Physics

Posted: 01 May 2018 09:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageJoin physicist Roger Melko for a live webcast May 2 as he explores the application of machine learning and artificial intelligence to questions in fundamental physics.

Sweating the Small Stuff

Posted: 01 May 2018 09:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageWhen people sweat, they unknowingly release a wide range of chemicals that can noninvasively inform clinicians on anything from stress hormone levels to glucose. An international team of researchers recently developed a new membrane that mitigates both issues that arise from direct dermal contact and sweat dilution for sweat biosensors. As discussed in Biomicrofluidics, the membrane performs hundreds of times better than other methods and holds up to repeated use.

Start-up Culture Has Influenced Government, Researcher Finds

Posted: 01 May 2018 08:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageCommunication professor traces the history of start-ups, from a novel idea in the tech industry to an approach embraced by the government

S&T Conducts Test and Evaluation of the U.S. Coast Guard's National Security Cutter

Posted: 01 May 2018 07:50 AM PDT

Since December 2017, DHS S&T has participated with the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Coast Guard in several tests and evaluations of two National Security Cutters, USCGC Hamilton and USCGC James, to independently confirm that operational capability is delivered to the Coast Guard fleet.

Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2018

Posted: 01 May 2018 07:20 AM PDT

Newswise imageORNL studies how some trees respond and recover after heat waves; sensors collect data to uniquely identify vehicles; catalysis data calculations assist in overcoming limiting factor to break down olefins; ORNL tested NASA space probe instruments' ability to withstand Sun's extreme heat; using neutrons, ORNL observed enzyme behavior to determine certain antibiotics' ineffectiveness.

Researchers Model How Midwestern Land-Use Changes Affect Carbon Storage Over the Last 165 Years

Posted: 01 May 2018 07:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageExpanded agricultural activity throughout the Midwest since 1850 has reduced the amount of carbon that can be stored in the soil, according to models designed by ISU scientists. However, modern farming practices such as no till can improve carbon sequestration, which could help to slow climate change.

What Is a "Green Roof" and Are They Helpful to the Environment?

Posted: 01 May 2018 06:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageThe concrete jungle is anything but natural. But there are ways to help it be a little greener. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) May 1 Soils Matter blog explains what green roofs are, and how they benefit urban life.

Marmosets as the Canary in the Coal Mine: A Highly Sensitive Primate Model of the Effects of Placental Zika Virus Infection on Fetal Health

Posted: 01 May 2018 05:00 AM PDT

Newswise image New research shows small, New World monkeys called marmosets may be an important animal model for emerging viruses with the potential for harmful effects on fetuses

InterPlanetary Festival Announces June Lineup

Posted: 01 May 2018 04:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageSeamus Blackley, Cory Doctorow, Ashton Eaton, Kate Greene, Annalee Newitz, Scott Ross, Martine Rothblatt, Neal Stephenson, and Pete Worden among luminary panelists and performers to converge in Santa Fe June 7-8, 2018

Physicists Uncover Properties of a Magnetic Soliton of Interest for Brain-Inspired Computing

Posted: 01 May 2018 03:00 AM PDT

A team of physicists has uncovered properties of a category of magnetic waves relevant to the development of neuromorphic computing--an artificial intelligence system that seeks to mimic human-brain function.

Researchers Lay Out How to Control Biology with Light--Without the Help of Genetics

Posted: 30 Apr 2018 04:05 PM PDT

Over the past five years, University of Chicago chemist Bozhi Tian has been figuring out how to control biology with light. In a paper published April 30 in Nature Biomedical Engineering, Tian's team laid out a system of design principles for working with silicon to control biology at three levels--from individual organelles inside cells to tissues to entire limbs. The group has demonstrated each in cells or mice models, including the first time anyone has used light to control behavior without genetic modification.

Optimal Propulsion: Helping Nanoscale Robots Swim Better

Posted: 30 Apr 2018 03:05 PM PDT

Researchers from the Technion have completed an interdisciplinary study that reveals the optimal configuration for nanoscale robots that can travel within the human body to perform a variety of tasks. The model improves previous nature-inspired models.

Genomicist Jeramiah Smith Delivers 3rd Annual NIGMS Early Career Investigator Lecture

Posted: 30 Apr 2018 03:00 PM PDT

Newswise imageIn an archived webcast, University of Kentucky genomicist Jeramiah Smith describes the sea lamprey's innovative strategy for avoiding cancer: shedding 20 percent of its genome following development. He also talks with NIGMS director Jon Lorsch about the challenges faced by early career scientists.