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ACM's Software System Award Honors Project Jupyter Team

Posted: 02 May 2018 11:35 AM PDT

Newswise imageThe Project Jupyter team has been honored with an ACM Software System Award for developing a tool that has had a lasting influence on computing. Project Jupyter evolved from IPython, an effort pioneered by Fernando Perez, a staff scientist in Berkeley Lab's Computational Research Division.

Four Harvard Medical School Scientists Elected to NAS

Posted: 02 May 2018 11:30 AM PDT

Four scientists from Harvard Medical School are among 84 members and 21 foreign associates elected in 2018 to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of "their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research," the NAS announced on May 1.

Protecting Campus Free Speech, Even When It Challenges Beliefs

Posted: 02 May 2018 11:05 AM PDT

Two Cornell University researchers say psychological science's extensive study of bias offers an important lens to view conflicts of free speech vs. hate speech.

How a Small Molecule Halts the Spread of a Toxic Protein Associated with Alzheimer's Progression

Posted: 02 May 2018 11:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageResearchers at the UCLA School of Nursing and the department of neurology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA have reported a promising drug strategy that blocks tau transmission. The study was published online in the journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications.

Global Temperature Report: April 2018

Posted: 02 May 2018 11:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageGlobal climate trend since Nov. 16, 1978: +0.13 C per decade

Tracking Down Helium-4's Quarks and Gluons

Posted: 02 May 2018 11:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageScientists obtain the first exclusive measurement of deeply virtual Compton scattering of electrons off helium-4, vital to obtaining an unambiguous 3-D view of quarks and gluons within nuclei.

Hubble Detects Helium in the Atmosphere of an Exoplanet for the First Time

Posted: 02 May 2018 11:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageAn international team of astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have detected helium in the atmosphere of the exoplanet WASP-107b. This is the first time this element has been detected in the atmosphere of a planet outside the solar system. The discovery demonstrates the ability to use infrared spectra to study exoplanet extended atmospheres.

PSI Researchers Seek Existence of Exotic Quantum Spin Ice

Posted: 02 May 2018 09:40 AM PDT

Newswise imageResearchers from the Paul Sherrer Institute are studying a fascinating sample using neutrons at ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source. Their goal is to create an observable case of quantum spin ice, a bizarre magnetic state found in a special class of materials that could lead to advances in quantum computing.

'Game Changing' Space-Mission Power System Passes Tests with Flying Colors

Posted: 02 May 2018 09:15 AM PDT

Newswise imageKRUSTY experiment demonstrates fission power's promise for lunar, planetary exploration

Scripps Research Scientists Receive $12 Million for Malaria and Flu Vaccine Research

Posted: 02 May 2018 09:05 AM PDT

With the new funding from the Gates Foundation, the Scripps Research team will expand their studies of neutralizing antibodies.

Shake Rattle and Code

Posted: 02 May 2018 09:05 AM PDT

Newswise imageTom Jordan and a team from the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) are using the supercomputing resources of the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility, to advance modeling for the study of earthquake risk and how to reduce it.

Flaw Found in Water Treatment Methods

Posted: 02 May 2018 08:15 AM PDT

Some potentially toxic chemicals in water may be created, ironically, during the water treatment process itself.

Novel Reaction Could Spark Alternate Approach to Ammonia Production

Posted: 02 May 2018 08:05 AM PDT

The search for a more energy efficient and environmentally friendly method of ammonia production for fertilizer has led to the discovery of a new type of catalytic reaction.

Conservation Book Addresses Fragmented Populations, Genetic Isolation

Posted: 02 May 2018 08:05 AM PDT

Newswise image"Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations" examines how management of fragmented plant and animal populations can improve through practical applications of conservation biology.

Insect biologist available to talk about increase in diseases transmitted by mosquito bites

Posted: 02 May 2018 08:05 AM PDT

Wildlife Ecologist Available to Discuss Ecology of Ticks and Tick-Borne Pathogens

Posted: 02 May 2018 07:05 AM PDT

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Plant Breeders Balance Shared Innovation, Revenue

Posted: 02 May 2018 07:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageCrop breeding research and innovation requires funding. But funding--and revenue from the crops developed--is increasingly hard to obtain.In response, a group of plant breeders met to discuss best practices. A recent paper summarizes their recommendations.

Microbes Living in a Toxic Volcanic Lake Could Hold Clues to Life on Mars

Posted: 02 May 2018 05:00 AM PDT

Newswise imageResearchers have discovered microbes living in a toxic volcanic lake that may rank as one of the harshest environments on Earth.

New Leads on Treating Dementia and Alzheimer's

Posted: 02 May 2018 12:05 AM PDT

A new research study by scientists in Australia and the US provides an explanation for why clinical trials of drugs reducing proteins in the brain that were thought to cause dementia and Alzheimer's have failed. The study has opened the way for potential new treatments with existing drugs.

Self-Assembling Telescope Eyes Discovery of New Exoplanets

Posted: 01 May 2018 02:15 PM PDT

Dmitry Savransky, assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Cornell University, and 15 other scientists from across the U.S. have been asked to give NASA proposals for Phase I of its 2018 NIAC (NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts) program. Savransky's vision for his self-assembling space telescope is all about seeing deep into space to discover new extra-solar planets - planets outside our solar system, also known as exoplanets - and map the surfaces of those we've already seen.

Strategy Prevents Blindness in Mice with Retinal Degeneration

Posted: 01 May 2018 02:10 PM PDT

Approach could guide research for inherited blindness treatment in humans

Apps for Children Should Emphasize Parent and Child Choice, Researchers Say

Posted: 01 May 2018 12:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageParents don't need to fear their children playing with iPads and other devices, researchers say. Mindful play with an adult, combined with thoughtful design features, can prove beneficial to young developing minds. New research shows that thoughtfully designed content that intentionally supports parent-child interactions facilitated the same kind of play and development as analog toys.

U of C Student Receives 2018 Rosalind Franklin Investigator Award

Posted: 01 May 2018 12:05 PM PDT

Newswise imageA University of Chicago graduate student in Biophysical Sciences has received the 2018 Rosalind Franklin Investigator Award from the Advanced Photon Source Users Organization.