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Wednesday, November 29, 2017



HADES Creates Alternate Reality to Mislead Hackers

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 10:05 AM PST

Sandia researchers have created alternative realities to mislead cyberintruders and cast doubt upon their disclosures.

Three Elected Foreign Members of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 10:05 AM PST

In a rare honor for an American university, three Northwestern University scientists -- Sir Fraser Stoddart, Chad Mirkin and Yonggang Huang -- have been elected foreign members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The three were selected for their scientific achievements and contributions to promoting the development of science and technology in China.

Scientists Create First Semi-Synthetic Organism that Stores and Retrieves Unnatural Information

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 10:00 AM PST

Newswise imageThis "semi-synthetic" strain of E. coli is the first to both contain unnatural bases in its DNA and use the bases to instruct cells to make a new protein.

Sorry, Grumpy Cat--Study Finds Dogs Are Brainier Than Cats

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 09:50 AM PST

Newswise imageThe first study to actually count the number of cortical neurons in the brains of a number of carnivores, including cats and dogs, has found that dogs possess significantly more neurons than cats.

Wearable Computing Ring Allows Users to Write Words and Numbers with Thumb

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 09:05 AM PST

Newswise imageWith the whirl of a thumb, Georgia Tech researchers have created technology that allows people to trace letters and numbers on their fingers and see the figures appear on a nearby computer screen. The system is triggered by a thumb ring outfitted with a gyroscope and tiny microphone. As wearers strum their thumb across the fingers, the hardware detects the movement.

First-of-Its-Kind Mummy Study Reveals Clues to Girl's Story

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 09:05 AM PST

Who is she, this little mummy girl? Northwestern University scientists and students are working to unravel some of her mysteries, including how her body was prepared 1,900 years ago in Egypt, what items she may have been buried with, the quality of her bones and what material is present in her brain cavity. As part of a comprehensive scientific investigation, the mummy traveled from Evanston to Argonne National Laboratory on Nov. 27 for an all-day X-ray scattering experiment. It was the first study of its kind performed on a human mummy.

'Magnetoelectric' Material Shows Promise as Memory for Electronics

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 09:05 AM PST

Newswise imageSmartphones and computers wouldn't be nearly as useful without room for lots of apps, music and videos. Devices tend to store that information in two ways: through electric fields (think of a flash drive) or through magnetic fields (like a computer's spinning hard disk). Each method has advantages and disadvantages. However, in the future, our electronics could benefit from the best of each.

Single-Molecule DNA Sequencing Advances Could Enable Faster, More Cost-Effective Genetic Screening

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 09:05 AM PST

Newswise imageUniversity of Colorado Boulder researchers are developing new techniques for faster, more cost-effective single-molecule DNA sequencing that could have transformative impacts on genetic screening.

Watching a Quantum Material Lose Its Stripes

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 08:10 AM PST

Newswise imageIn quantum materials, periodic stripe patterns can be formed by electrons coupled with lattice distortions. To capture the extremely fast dynamics of how such atomic-scale stripes melt and form, Berkeley Lab scientists used femtosecond-scale laser pulses at terahertz frequencies. Along the way, they found some unexpected behavior.

Kansas State University Research Creates Way to Protect Pigs From PRRS During Reproduction

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 08:05 AM PST

Newswise imageThe latest work from Raymond "Bob" Rowland, Kansas State University professor of diagnostic medicine and pathobiology, is helping to eradicate the devastating PRRS virus.

S&T's Dam Simulation Program Saves Lives and Saves Taxpayers Nearly $50M

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 08:05 AM PST

Already, 35 states and various federal agencies are using the DSS-WISE(tm) Lite capability free of charge. The system handled 3,115 dam-break flood simulations for 876 dams.

Scaling Deep Learning for Science

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 08:05 AM PST

Newswise imageUsing the Titan supercomputer, a research team at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed an evolutionary algorithm capable of generating custom neural networks that match or exceed the performance of handcrafted artificial intelligence systems.

Tips to Keep Pets Happy and Healthy This Holiday Season

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 08:05 AM PST

A Transistor of Graphene Nanoribbons

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 07:05 AM PST

Transistors based on carbon nanostructures: what sounds like a futuristic dream could be reality in just a few years' time. An international research team working with Empa has now succeeded in producing nanotransistors from graphene ribbons that are only a few atoms wide, as reported in the current issue of the trade journal "Nature Communications."

Floyd Romesberg: "Artificial DNA" Expert

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 07:05 AM PST

Newswise image

Eruption Clues: UNH Researchers Create Snapshot of Volcano Plumbing

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 07:05 AM PST

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire are using scientific sleuthing to better understand the journey of magma in Mount Etna, to create a more accurate picture of the volcano's plumbing system and determine how quickly the magma rises to the top to cause an eruption. Their findings contribute to our understanding of how and when volcanoes erupt.

Movies Wield Powerful Influence on Drinking Habits of 10- to 15-Year-Olds

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 07:00 AM PST

Early adolescence is a high-risk period for alcohol experimentation and initiation. Adolescent drinking is linked to exposure to alcohol use in the media. This study examined the influence that movie portrayals of drinking may have on the onset of drinking among 6th, 7th and 8th graders, and the impact that viewing the movie with a friend or parent might have. Researchers also examined movie influence across a spectrum of early-drinking milestones: sipping alcohol (but not consuming a full drink), consuming a full drink of alcohol, and engaging in heavy episodic drinking.

Getting a Better Handle on Methane Emissions From Livestock

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 06:30 AM PST

Cattle, swine and poultry contribute a hefty portion to the average American's diet, but raising all this livestock comes at a cost to the environment: The industry produces a lot of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Just how much gas the animals release, however, is the subject of debate. Now, one group reports in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology that a new approach could shed light on how accurate current data are.

To Improve Dipstick Diagnostic and Environmental Tests, Just Add Tape

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 06:30 AM PST

Newswise imageSimple paper-strip testing has the potential to tell us quickly what's in water, and other liquid samples from food, the environment and bodies -- but current tests don't handle solid samples well. Now researchers have developed a way to make these low-cost devices more versatile and reliable for analyzing both liquid and solid samples using adhesive tape. They report their approach in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Greg Clark Announces GBP80 Million Funding for Coventry, Warwickshire and University of Warwick Partnership to Create New National Battery Facility

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 06:30 AM PST

Newswise imageA partnership between WMG, at the University of Warwick, Coventry and Warwickshire Local Enterprise Partnership, and Coventry City Council has been awarded GBP80 million to establish a new National Battery Manufacturing Development Facility (NBMDF). The announcement was made by The Rt Hon Greg Clark, Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, while attending an energy conference on the University of Warwick campus on Wednesday 29th November 2017.

AAAS Announces 2017 Fellows

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 06:05 AM PST

Newswise imageA recognized global leader in chromatographic bioprocessing, Steven Cramer, the William Weightman Walker Professor of Polymer Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has been named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The tradition of AAAS fellows began in 1874. Election as a AAAS fellow is an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their peers.

Theory of the Evolution of Sexes Tested with Algae

Posted: 28 Nov 2017 09:05 PM PST

Newswise imageThe varied sex lives of a type of green algae have enabled a University of Adelaide researcher to test a theory of why there are males and females.

There's a Deeper Fish in the Sea

Posted: 28 Nov 2017 01:40 PM PST

Newswise imageA new fish species, the deepest in the ocean, was discovered and named by an international team of researchers. The team published a paper describing the Mariana snailfish this week in the journal Zootaxa.

Qi-Qun Tang Joins Journal of Biological Chemistry

Posted: 28 Nov 2017 01:05 PM PST

Qi-Qun Tang, a professor of in the department of biochemistry and molecular biology at the Fudan University School of Basic Medical Sciences in Shanghai, China, has joined the Journal of Biological Chemistry as an associate editor.

DHS S&T Announces Licensing of Infrastructure Security Technology from Transition to Practice Program

Posted: 28 Nov 2017 12:05 PM PST

DHS S&T today announced the commercialization of another Transition to Practice (TTP) program technology--the sixth marketplace transition in the last six months.