Going Swimmingly: Biotemplates Breakthrough Paves Way for Cheaper Nanobots

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 10:05 AM PST

Newswise imageNew developments may now propel nanoswimmers from science fiction to reality thanks to unexpected help from bacteria. An international research team has demonstrated a new technique for plating silica onto flagella, the helix-shaped tails found on many bacteria, to produce nanoscale swimming robots. As reported this week in APL Materials, the group's biotemplated nanoswimmers spin their flagella thanks to rotating magnetic fields and can perform nearly as well as living bacteria.

UAH Engineering Student Uses 3-D Printing to Successfully Build and Test Hall-Effect Thruster

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 10:05 AM PST

Newswise imageUAH master's student Ethan Hopping, who now works at Blue Origin, and UAH professor Dr. Gabe Xu partnered to design and test a Hall-effect thruster with a 3-D printed channel and propellant distributor.

Going to Extremes: Juliane Gross Gets Ready to Hunt for Meteorites in Antarctica

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 09:45 AM PST

Newswise imageThere are out-of-the-way places. There are remote places. Then there are places like the Trans-Antarctic Mountains, where the nearest human being - possibly, the nearest living organism - is at least 150 miles away. That's where Rutgers University-New Brunswick planetary geologist Juliane Gross will spend six to eight weeks, beginning in December. An associate professor of earth and planetary sciences in the School of Arts and Sciences, she will recover meteorites for the Case Western Reserve University's Antarctic Search for Meteorites (ANSMET) program, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

Making Polymer Chemistry Click

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 09:30 AM PST

Newswise imageScientists unlock the key to efficiently make a new class of engineering polymers.

Photosynthesis without Cells: Turning Light into Fuel

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 09:05 AM PST

Newswise imageAn entirely human-made architecture produces hydrogen fuel using light, shows promise for transmitting energy in numerous applications.

With $6.6 Million Award From PCORI, UCLA Scientists to Study Effectiveness of Strategies Designed to Increase the Use of the HPV Vaccine to Prevent Cancer

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 09:05 AM PST

Newswise imageUCLA researcher Dr. Roshan Bastani will lead a $6.6 million research study awarded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) to investigate the comparative effectiveness of strategies designed to increase receipt of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among adolescents. By advancing the understanding of which health system interventions are most effective and efficient, the research has the potential to dramatically increase HPV vaccination and prevent HPV-related cancers nationwide.

Craters on Graphene: Electrons Impact

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 08:05 AM PST

Newswise imageNovel defect control in graphene enables direct imaging of trapped electrons that follow Einstein's rules.

A Molecular Zipper for Efficient Gas Separation

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 08:05 AM PST

Newswise imageMetal-organic frameworks with chains of iron centers adsorb and release carbon monoxide with very little energy input.

STUDY: Despite Forest Loss, This African Protected Area Still has Potential To Support Tens of Thousands of Elephants, 1K Lions

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 08:05 AM PST

Newswise imageDespite some forest loss, Mozambique's sprawling Niassa National Reserve has the potential to support tens of thousands of elephants and 1,000 lions according to a new land-use study published in the journal Parks.

Blowing in the Stellar Wind: Scientists Reduce the Chances of Life on Exoplanets in So-Called Habitable Zones

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 07:05 AM PST

Newswise imageArticle describes Princeton and PPPL papers on the detrimental impact of stellar wind on the atmosphere of exoplanets.

New Stars Near Supermassive Black Holes, Ghostly Neutrinos, Old Nearby Stars, and More in the Space News Source

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 06:15 AM PST

The latest in space and astronomy in the Space News Source

Speaking Up Against Bigotry Can Reduce Bad Behavior

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 06:15 AM PST

Newswise imageIf you're sitting around the holiday table and one of your curmudgeonly uncles says something unintentionally bigoted, your inclination may be to ask for more mashed potatoes and get on with the feast. But Rutgers University-New Brunswick researchers say that might be a mistake.

DHS Announces FY18 Small Business Innovation Research Topics

Posted: 30 Nov 2017 04:05 AM PST

DHS announced the topics for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) 18.1 Pre-Solicitation.

GBSI to Present at ASCB|EMBO 2017 in Philadelphia December 4 and 5

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 11:05 PM PST

Newswise imageGlobal Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) will introduce a new cell authentication training modules and videos to be available online for use by students, post-doctoral scholars, research faculty, educators and education administrators. The materials are part of a new GBSI program, "Enhancing Data Reproducibility Through Cell Authentication Training," that will teach researchers to test for and decrease the likelihood of cell line contamination and misidentification, improving research reproducibility and decrease translation time from bench to clinic to bedside. The new step in education and training will ensuring more effective use of millions of dollars in research expenditures.

Mass of Warm Rock Rising Beneath New England, Rutgers Study Suggests

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 01:45 PM PST

Newswise imageSlowly but steadily, an enormous mass of warm rock is rising beneath part of New England, although a major volcanic eruption isn't likely for millions of years, a Rutgers University-led study suggests. The research is unprecedented in its scope and challenges textbook concepts of geology.

"Swiss Army Knife" Nanovaccine Carries Multiple Weapons to Battle Tumors

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 01:00 PM PST

Newswise imageResearchers at the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering have developed a synergistic cancer nanovaccine packing DNA and RNA sequences that modulate the immune response, along with anti-tumor antigens, into one small nanoparticle. The nanovaccine produced an immune response that specifically killed tumor tissue, while simultaneously inhibiting tumor-induced immune suppression to block lung tumor growth in a mouse model of metastatic colon cancer.

In Defense of Fruitcake, Weather-Hunger Link, High Protein Soybean, and More in the Food Science News Source

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 12:45 PM PST

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

How a Biophysical Simulation Method Might Accelerate Drug Target Discovery

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 12:40 PM PST

Researchers at the California Institute of Technology have developed an approach to overcome a major stumbling block in testing new drug targets. The research is reported in a Nov. 24 paper in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Loss of Breeding Grounds Hits a Sad Note for Common Songbird

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 12:40 PM PST

Newswise imageA Tulane University researcher has found that a decline in the number of wood thrushes is probably due to deforestation in Central America.

Researchers From Music and Engineering Team Up to Turn Big Data Into Sound

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 12:40 PM PST

Newswise imageA unique collaboration between a music professor and an engineering professor at Virginia Tech will result in the creation of a new platform for data analysis that will make it possible to understand the significance of data by turning it into sound.

Reaching for Neutron Stars

Posted: 29 Nov 2017 12:05 PM PST

Newswise imageA cross-disciplinary research team from Washington University in St. Louis discovered both a framework to predict where neutrons will inhabit a nucleus and a way to predict the skin thickness of a nucleus.